Modeling a novel sorption dehumidication method: super saturation of water vapour in a closed volume using the finite volume method
Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
This thesis develops and evaluates a method to simulate energy consumption and water production for a novel sorption dehumidication pro-cess. The system consists of a chamber comprising a hygroscopic materialand a heating device. The process consists of an adsorption phase anda regeneration phase. For both the regeneration phase and the adsorp-tion phase the model considers the heat distribution by thermal diusionand convection and the water transport by diusion and convection. Forthe regeneration phase the radiation is also considered since the radia-tive power increases with temperature to the power of four. Further, amodel for the condensation process is implemented and a model for thecondensation is suggested. To model the properties of the hygroscopicmaterials, the adsorption curves for SiO2 and AlO2 are investigated. Themodel were evaluated by comparing the simulated values with experimen-tal measurements.The results from the the simulation of the regeneration phase showsa good agreement with experimental data for the power and the energyconsumption even though the simulated values are a bit underestimated,about 10%. The water production is simulated to be about 25% higherthan the measured values. This discrepancy could be explained by aleakage of water vapour that was found in the experimental set up, whichis not considered in the model. This could also explain the underestimatedenergy consumption since the condensation energy in the system is toogreat. To improve the accuracy for the model the water leakage wouldneed to be implemented. The overestimation of water seemed to be thesame for the measurements from the same apparatus.For the adsorption phase a developed model, from an article for ad-sorption in silica, was implemented and tuned for the specic system. Thesimulations are in good agreement with the measurements but could betested further for more certainty.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. , 42 p.
UPTEC F, ISSN 1401-5757 ; 13037
adsorption, hygroscopic, super saturation, condensation, water vapor, modeling, CMCR
Engineering and Technology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-208511OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-208511DiVA: diva2:653099
Master Programme in Engineering Physics
Per, LötstedtTomas, Nyberg