Equality in Death?: How the Social Positions of Individuals and Families are Linked to Mortality
2013 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Socioeconomic positions of individuals are clearly associated with the chances of living a healthy long life. In four empirical studies based on Swedish population registers, two topics are examined in this thesis: The relationships between different indicators of social position and mortality, and the importance of family members’ socioeconomic resources for the survival of the individual.
The overall conclusion from the separate studies is that no single individual socioeconomic factor gives a complete picture of mortality inequalities. Further, the socioeconomic resources of partners and adult children are important in addition to the individual ones. The specific results from each study include that:
I education, social class, social status and income are, to various extent, independently associated with mortality risk. Education and social status are related to women’s mortality, and education, social class, and income to men’s mortality.
II one partner’s social position is related to the other partner’s survival, also when individual socioeconomic factors are statistically controlled for. In particular, men’s mortality is linked to their wives’ education and women’s mortality to their husbands’ social class.
III adult children’s education is related to their parents’ risk of dying, also when both parents’ socioeconomic resources are taken into consideration. Further, the association between the offspring’s level of education and parental mortality cannot be explained by characteristics that parents share with their siblings.
IV children’s social class and income are related to parental mortality, but not as strongly as the education of the children. There is no relationship between a mother’s own education and breast cancer mortality, while mothers seem to have better chances of surviving breast cancer if they have well-educated children.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Department of Sociology, Stockholm University , 2013. , 42 p.
Swedish Institute for Social Research, ISSN 0283-8222 ; 89
Health inequality, mortality, socioeconomic factors, education, social class, social status, income, marital partner, intergenerational, child-parent relationship, cause of death, Sweden
Research subject Sociology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-94134ISBN: 978-91-7447-773-3OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-94134DiVA: diva2:651896
2013-11-08, Nordenskiöldsalen, Geovetenskapens hus, Svante Arrhenius väg 12, Stockholm, 13:00 (English)
Martikainen, Pekka, Professor
Erikson, Robert, ProfessorVågerö, Denny, Professor
At the time of doctoral defence the following paper was unpublished and had a status as follows: Paper 4: Manuscript2013-10-172013-09-272013-12-10Bibliographically approved
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