Power Distribution Between Refugees and Host Population: A Case Study of the Nakivale Refugee Settlement
Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
The UNHCR reports an anticipated growing number of migration movements in Africa that will increase the amount of prolonged refugee situations, with the international debate regarding refugee policies discussing local integration as a durable solution. Local integration policy is dependent on the acceptance and willingness of the host population and can engender tensions between refugees and hosts, which could be a result of their uneven power distribution, with one group possessing more social power, leading to more opportunities in the community. The objective of this study is to examine the relationship between refugees and host community in a settlement and seeks to expose any tensions that could arise between the groups from an uneven power distribution by using an analytical framework based on Norbert Elias’ book The Established and the Outsiders, which focuses on community problems between two groups. This thesis draws on a field study of the Nakivale Refugee Settlement in southern Uganda that has a refugee policy partially aimed towards local integration. The data has been collected through semi-structured interviews and observations as part of an ethnographic approach. The interviewed key stakeholders have been refugees and host populations living within the settlement as well as government officials and representatives from international organisations, IGOs and NGOs. Using Elias’ theory as a universal analytical tool showed us that there are established-outsider constellations creating tensions in a community, however these tensions do not fully rely on the qualities of the relationship. Moreover, results from the study indicate that the relationship between nationals and refugees in the settlement and the tensions it fostered are to a very large degree influenced by external factors, more specifically by the Ugandan government and international organisations as well as the complexity of group dimensions and situations, which contributed to a weakened host population.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. , 56 p.
Local integration, Uganda, Refugee settlement, Refugees, Host community, Nakivale Refugee Settlement
Other Social Sciences not elsewhere specified
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-28990OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-28990DiVA: diva2:650657
Subject / course
Peace and development
International Social Sciences Programme, specialization Global Studies, 180 credits
2013-08-29, Växjö Universitetsplatsen 1, Växjö, 12:24 (English)
Nilsson, Anders, LektorÅkesson, Gunilla, Adjunkt
Nilsson, Manuela, Lektor