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Barns levda medborgarskap: en studie av barns vardagskunskaper om olycksrisker och säkerhet
Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Educational Studies.
2013 (Swedish)Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)Alternative title
Children's lived citizenship : a study on children's everyday knowledge of injury risks and safety (English)
Abstract [en]

Child safety is a well investigated field of research, as is the field of children’s citizenship. This study explores the intersection between these two areas. The aim of the study is to explore children’s lived citizenship from their everyday knowledge about injury risks and safety. The idea of "lived citizenship" refers to how children understand and negotiate rights and responsibilities, and to how they actually practice their citizenship in their daily lives. In the study, a concept of citizenship is used, defining it as composed of the following dimensions: rights, responsibilities, participation, identity, membership, equal status, respect, and recognition.

In the study children in grades 2, 5 and 8 participated in focus group interviews. The results of the study suggest that, although the children had good awareness of risk and safety, they regarded risk as something largely positive, connecting it with opportunities for challenges and exciting adventures. School rules and also traffic rules were frequently called into question by the children, even though they were very well aware of the potential physical or legal consequences. The rules at the children’s sports clubs, in contrast, were not challenged.

Talk of injury risks and safety may be understood as individual and collective identity work. When children told stories about injuries and accidents, they were also telling stories about themselves, who they were, and where they belonged. Being adventurous and daring gave status in the groups for both girls and boys.

 Drawing on the results an “action zone,” as an analytical concept is suggested. The action zone is about the physical and symbolic dynamic space where children can move and act independently. Some features of the action zone are proposed in terms of boundaries, boundary guards, (rules, norms and authorities), negotiation, boundary crossing, identity, self-management and situated agency. I argue that the concept puts focus on children’s lived citizenship as a whole and that the physical aspect of citizenship is emphasized.

Abstract [sv]

Barnsäkerhet och barns medborgarskap är två områden som var för sig är väl undersökta. Den här avhandlingen tar sitt avstamp i gränssnittet mellan dem, ett inte lika utforskat område. I studien samtalar barn mellan åtta och femton år i fokusgrupper om olycksrisker och säkerhet. Utifrån deras vardagskunskaper om dessa ämnen dras slutsatser om gemensamma föreställningar om levt medborgarskap.

Studien visar att risker och olyckor enligt barnen är en del av livet, något som gör det roligare. Tal om säkerhet har således liten relevans i barnens tillvaro. Säkerhetsregler i skolan men också i trafiken ifrågasätts av barnen, trots att de är väl medvetna om såväl risker som tänkbara påföljder. I de idrottsföre­ningar som barnen tillhör, ifrågasätts regler däremot över huvud taget inte.

Resultaten visar vidare att barn och föräldrar ofta har nått ett samförstånd runt regler och att barnen i stor utsträckning tar ett eget ansvar. När det gäller delaktighet i skolan, så finns möjligheter för barnen att göra sig hörda i råd av olika slag, även om inflytandet i realiteten tycks vara begränsat. Barnens tal om olycksrisker och säkerhet kan förstås som ett uttryck för identitetsskapande, visar studien. Att vara någon som tar risker ger status i kamratgruppen, för såväl flickor som pojkar.

Utifrån resultaten föreslås aktionszon som ett begrepp för att studera barns levda medborgarskap. Aktionszonen avser det dynamiska, fysiska och symboliska utrymme barn har, i tid och rum, att fritt röra sig i och agera självständigt. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Karlstad: Karlstads universitet, 2013. , 191 p.
Series
Karlstad University Studies, ISSN 1403-8099 ; 2013:41
Keyword [en]
Children, Children's citizenship, lived citizenship, child safety, injury risk, safety, everyday knowledge
Keyword [sv]
barn, medborgarskap, barnsäkerhet, levt medborgarskap, olycksrisker, säkerhet, vardagskunskaper, aktionszon
National Category
Educational Sciences
Research subject
Education
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-28975ISBN: 978-91-7063-519-9 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-28975DiVA: diva2:649858
Public defence
2013-11-08, Nyquistsalen, 9C203, Karlstads universitet, Karlstad, 13:00 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2013-10-21 Created: 2013-09-09 Last updated: 2014-12-09Bibliographically approved

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