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Anställdas inställning till friskvårdsbidraget, hälsa och motion: En kvantitativ enkätstudie
University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
2013 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Employees attitude to the health care allowance, health and fitness : A quantitative survey study (English)
Abstract [sv]

Hälsofrämjande arbete på arbetsplatsen är av stor betydelse för att uppnå god hälsa i befolkningen. Det för arbetstagaren skattefria friskvårdsbidraget som många arbetsgivare erbjuder bidrar till att främja hälsan i företag och organisationer.

Syftet med undersökningen var att ta reda på hur anställda på en arbetsplats förhåller sig till friskvårdsbidraget och vilka orsakerna är till att det utnyttjas eller inte utnyttjas. Ett andra syfte var att beskriva de anställdas motionsvanor och inställning till hälsa.

Designen var en tvärsnittsstudie och ansatsen var en kvantitativ, deskriptiv undersökning. Studiepopulationen var arbetstagare på en arbetsplats vilka erbjöds ett friskvårdsbidrag. Urvalet var 134 anställda på företaget Anticimex Region Norr. Datainsamling skedde via webbaserad enkät. Svarsfrekvensen var 38 %.

45 % av respondenterna utnyttjade friskvårdsbidraget. Okunskap, otillfredsställande aktiviteter, för lågt bidragsbelopp samt komplicerade regler för användning av bidraget angavs som orsaker till icke-utnyttjande. Träningsfrekvensen skiljde sig mellan de som utnyttjade och de som inte utnyttjade bidraget men alla respondenter uppgav att hälsa var betydelsefullt för dem.

Det finns flera möjligheter till förbättring för de arbetsgivare som strävar efter att friskvårdsbidraget utnyttjas av fler medarbetare och önskar skapa ett bättre arbetsklimat på arbetsplatsen. Informationsspridning bör ske via fler kanaler och hälsofrämjande aktiviteter bör erbjudas på arbetsplatsen.

Abstract [en]

In order to promote health in the population, the health promotion offered through the workplace is essential. The health care allowance which is offered by many employers contributes to the health promotion within businesses and organizations.

The purpose of the survey was to find out how employees in a workplace relate to the health care allowance and what the underlying reasons are for its use or non-use. A second objective was to describe the employees' fitness habits and attitude towards health.

The design was a cross-sectional study and the approach was a quantitative, descriptive study. The study population was employees in workplaces where a health care allowance was offered. The sample was 134 employees at the company Anticimex Region Norr. Data collection was done through a web-based questionnaire. The response rate was 38 %.

45 % of the respondents used the health care allowance. Stated reasons for the non-use of the allowance were; ignorance, unsatisfactory activities, too small amount of the allowance and complexity of the rules. Training frequency differed between those who used and those who did not use the allowance but all respondents stated that health was important to them.

For employers who seek to extend the use of the health care allowance among their employees and aim to create better working environment there are several opportunities for improvement. More channels for the distribution of information could be one alternative and health promotion activities ought to be offered in the workplace.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. , 34 p.
Keyword [en]
health promotion, health promotion allowance, workplace, employees, physical activity, fitness habits, health
Keyword [sv]
friskvård, friskvård sbidrag, arbetsplats, anställda, fysisk aktivitet, motion hälsa.
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:his:diva-8504OAI: oai:DiVA.org:his-8504DiVA: diva2:648070
Subject / course
Public Health Science
Educational program
Health Coach
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2013-09-20 Created: 2013-09-13 Last updated: 2013-09-20Bibliographically approved

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