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Environmental Systems Analysis Tools as Decision-Support in Municipal Solid Waste Management: LCA in Sweden, Estonia and Lithuania
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences.
2013 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

In order to deal with the mounting issue of Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) in a way that is in line with sustainable development and Integrated Solid Waste Management (ISWM) a systems approach is necessary.This approach can practically be integrated into the MSW decision-making process through Life Cycle Thinking(LCT) and environmental systems analysis tools such as Life Cycle Assessment (LCA). This paper is written within the context of the RECO Baltic 21 Tech (RB21T) project which aims to improve waste management practices in 12 countries in the Baltic Sea Region. The main aim of this paper is to investigate the extent to which LCA is used as decision-support in MSW management in Sweden, Estonia and Lithuania. The use of LCA is examined on a national level as well as on a local or regional level based on relevant literature and a set of interviews conducted in each country. According to the results the use of LCA as decision-support in MSW management is very limited in Estonia and Lithuania whilst it is already a well-established tool in Sweden. Most of the LCA efforts in the Baltic States have been conducted in connection with foreign projects and investments,such as RB21T. Although an actual LCA might not always be applied in Sweden, LCT is prevalent in MSW management both on a national and local level. In order for LCA to be better integrated into MSW management this paper argues that there is a need for increased knowledge, data, more user-friendly LCA-tools andstrengthening regional partnerships for further transfer of knowledge between countries.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. , 37 p.
Examensarbete vid Institutionen för geovetenskaper, ISSN 1650-6553 ; 157
Keyword [en]
Sustainable Development, Municipal Solid Waste Management, Environmental Systems Analysis, Life Cycle Assessment, Decision-Support Tools.
National Category
Earth and Related Environmental Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-207141OAI: diva2:646898
Subject / course
Sustainable development
Educational program
Master Programme in Sustainable Development
2013-05-27, Geocentrum, Villavägen 16, Uppsala, 23:01 (English)
Available from: 2013-09-10 Created: 2013-09-09 Last updated: 2013-09-10Bibliographically approved

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