New Development in Fiber Technologies
Optical fiber technologies has gone through tremendous developments
since its first installation in the 1970s. Three decades
later it has become the backbone of the global telecommunications
network, providing high speed internet access to homes
and offices, and instant communications through telephones all
around the world. In present day internet service provider, cable
television providers, telephone providers and power providers
has established their own fiber optic network. Compared to
copper wires, fiber optics are immune to electromagnetic interference
and its low attenuation while maintaining high bandwidth
over long distances. These features makes fiber optics
quite popular in the telecommunication business, which at this
moment is a billion dollar industry. In order for various fiber
optics manufacturer to develop compatible fiber optics systems,
ITU Telecommunication Standardization Sector(ITU-T) have developed
several fiber optics standards.
Optical fibers are not only for a mainstream telecommunications
market, other fibers have been developed for specific purposes,
so-called non-standard specialty fibers. There?s a rapidly
growing need for these non-standard fibers in the niche market.
These fibers have their properties altered, for example special
coatings around the fiber that help withstand high temperatures.
The thesis will give a brief overview of the characteristics of
both optical fiber standards and non-standard, and a comparison
of the standard fibers based on their similar purposes.
The work done by standard organization such as the ITU-T,
have helped evolve this fast changing telcommunications industry.
Their work has helped with defining the technology and
architecture of the fiber optical transport system. Development
of the standard gives a technical specification giving shape to
the global telecommunications infrastructure.
The non-standard optical fiber, which was ones a boutique
business in 1990s, quickly rose to a $239 million market. Following
the dynamic market growth, it grew further to $635 million in 2010 and $673 million, and is expected to reach almost a billion dollar industry by the year 2016. Its rapid growth shows that the non-standard fiber industry has had a tremendous development, but is still not comparable to the standard fiber market.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Institutt for elektronikk og telekommunikasjon , 2013. , 105 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:no:ntnu:diva-22097Local ID: ntnudaim:9353OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ntnu-22097DiVA: diva2:646835
Hjelme, Dag Roar, Professor IIBozorgebrahimi, Kurosh