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Broadening Horizons: The FMECA-NETEP model, offshore wind farms and the permit application process
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Biology and Environmental Science. (miljövetenskap)ORCID iD: 0000-0003-1269-7194
2013 (English)Licentiate thesis, monograph (Other academic)
Abstract [en]



The permit application process for offshore wind farms (OWF) in Sweden conceivably requires a comprehensive and transparent complement within risk management. The NETEP framework (covering risks concerning navigation, economics, technology, environment and politics), based on a futures planning mechanism (STEEP) has consequently been brought forward as a structure for the application of FMECA (Failure Mode, Effects, and Criticality Analysis) methodology to the permit application process of the Swedish offshore wind farm sector. FMECA, originating from the aeronautical and automobile industries, presents a systematic method for the prediction of future failure in a product, part or process, to evaluate the consequences of that failure and to suggest possible measures for its mitigation or eradication. Its application to attitude and acceptance, safety and environmental effect remains, however, limited which creates the research gap for this thesis. Three Swedish offshore wind farm (OWF) projects in the Baltic Sea area (Lillgrund, Taggen and Trolleboda) were put forward as case studies for use in the evaluation of the proposed FMECA-NETEP methodology, which was approached in two stages. The first evaluation stage results showed that the model accommodates the precautionary principle, the consideration of stakeholder viewpoints, the mitigation of negative effects, the analysis of alternative sites, the observation of relevant legislation and the utilisation of contemporary research. In the subsequent stage of evaluation, the factor for incorporation into the adapted model was intra- and inter-sector cumulative impact. Results showed that positive cumulative impact cannot be illustrated by the model whereas neutral and negative cumulative impact can.  The model’s added value is that it facilitates decision making by providing a rigorous, transparent and structured methodology, the holistic approach of which provides a sound basis for the incorporation of contemporary research.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
- , 2013. , 95 p.
, Licentiate thesis in Environmental Science
Keyword [en]
cumulative impact, risk, offshore wind farm (OWF)
Keyword [sv]
FMECA, kumulativa effekter, risk, havsbaserad vindkraft
National Category
Natural Sciences
Research subject
Natural Science, Environmental Science
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-28745ISBN: 978-91-87427-48-0OAI: diva2:646188
2013-09-27, Fullriggaren, Kocken, Kalmar, 10:00 (English)
Available from: 2013-09-10 Created: 2013-09-06 Last updated: 2013-09-10Bibliographically approved

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Ohlson, John
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ReferencesLink to record
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