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Patienters upplevelser av sjuksköterskans stöd vid typ 2-diabetes: en litteraturstudie
Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
2013 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: I Sverige har 325 000 människor diagnosen typ 2-diabetes. Sjukdomen ställer stora krav på individen. För att sjuksköterskan ska ge en god omvårdnad behövs kunskaper om patientens individuella behov av stöd.

Syfte: Syftet var att beskriva patienters upplevelser av sjuksköterskans stöd vid typ 2-diabetes.

Metod: Studien genomfördes som en allmän litteraturstudie där nio vetenskapliga artiklar kvalitetsgranskades och analyserades.

Resultat: Patienters upplevelser av sjuksköterskans stöd kategoriserades som emotionellt, informativt och värderande stöd. Viktiga faktorer i sjuksköterskans stöd var gemensamt engagemang, tillit, lindring av bördan, att bli sedd som en individ, kunskap genom information, dialog, kontroll och bekräftelse.

Diskussion: Två faktorer diskuterades som påverkade upplevelsen av sjuksköterskans stöd. Hur sjuksköterskan gjorde patienterna delaktiga och tillgodosåg patientens individuella behov ansågs vara väsentligt.

Slutsats: Det finns ett behov av att belysa hur patienter upplever sjuksköterskans stöd. Genom att sjuksköterskan har insikt i vad ett gott stöd innebär kan patienten få redskap till sjukdomshantering och ett förbättrat välmående.

Abstract [en]

Background: In Sweden, 325 000 people have the diagnoses of type 2-diabetes. The disease makes great demands on the individual. The nurse needs knowledge about the patient´s individual needs of support to give good nursing care.

Aim: The aim was to describe the patients’ experiences of nurse-support in type 2-diabetes.

Method: The study was conducted as a literature review and based upon nine scientific articles that were quality assessed and analyzed.

Results: The patients’ experiences of nurse-support were categorized as emotional, informational and evaluative support. Important factors given about the nurse´s support was participation by both nurse and patient, trust, easing the burden, to be seen as an individual, knowledge through information, dialogue, control and acknowledgment.

Discussion: Two factors were discussed that affected the patients’ experiences of nurse-support. How the nurse included the patients’ in the recovery and management of their disease and catered to the patient´s individual needs that were considered to be essential.

Conclusion: There is a need to highlight how the patients’ experience the nurse's given support. Insight from the nurse into what good support means to the patient can improve disease management and well-being.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. , 27 p.
Keyword [en]
experience, literature review, patient, support, type 2-diabetes
Keyword [sv]
litteraturstudie, patient, stöd, typ 2-diabetes, upplevelse
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-11068OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hkr-11068DiVA: diva2:645823
Educational program
Study Programme in Nursing
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2013-09-13 Created: 2013-09-05 Last updated: 2013-09-13Bibliographically approved

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