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”Att hjälpa eller stjälpa”: Kvinnors upplevelse av missfall och vård vid missfall
Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
2013 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
”To help or hinder” : Womens experience of miscarriage and care during miscarriage (English)
Abstract [en]

Background: Miscarriage is one of the most common complications connected to pregnancy, every fourth woman undergoes a miscarriage during her lifetime. There is often no medical explanation why miscarriage happens, although the risk may increase due to certain factors in lifestyle or diseases. During incomplete miscarriages medical or surgical treatment is needed.

Women are treated at surgical or gynecological departments and the period of treatment is often very brief, on some occasions not even a day. Therefore, the nurse faces a great challenge in meeting the women’s needs during the period of treatment.

Aim: The aim of the study is to illuminate womens experiences of miscarriage and the treatment they experienced.

Methods: A systematic literary study containing 13 articles.

Results: Miscarriage is an individual experience and many women are affected emotionally and have many strong feelings afterwards. Discontent with treatment was almost exclusively concerning attitudes among staff and lack in the emotional nursing. Three themes were identified in the result which reflects the factors where the most discontent was found and feelings which can erupt in connection with miscarriage and due to the treatment. These themes are: Feelings amongst a woman at the time of miscarriage, Emotional support and treatment and the need of adequate and individually adapted information.

Discussion: Health professionals need to see the woman as more than an objective body, or only a disease state. Miscarriage is an event that affects the whole person and women have many emotional needs that must be met. If these needs are not met could care suffering occur in women. A good nursing relationship can be difficult to create when time constraints and poor continuity is common on wards.

Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Missfall är en av de vanligaste komplikationerna i samband med graviditet, var fjärde kvinna får missfall under sin livstid. Oftast finns ingen medicinsk förklaring till att missfall sker, risken för missfall kan dock öka på grund vissa livsstilsfaktorer eller sjukdomar. Vid inkompletta missfall behövs medicinsk eller kirurgisk behandling. Kvinnorna behandlas på kirurgisk eller gynekologisk avdelning och vårdtiden är ofta väldigt kort, ibland inte ens ett dygn. Sjuksköterskan har därför en stor utmaning i att möta kvinnornas behov under vårdtiden.

Syfte: Syftet med studien är att belysa kvinnors upplevelse av missfall och den vård de erhållit.

Metod: En systematisk litteraturöversikt bestående av tretton artiklar.

Resultat: Missfall är en individuell upplevelse och många kvinnor påverkas emotionellt och har många starka känslor efteråt. Missnöje med vården handlade nästan enbart om attityder hos vårdpersonal och brister i den emotionella vården. Tre teman identifierades i resultatet: Känslor hos kvinnan vid missfall, Emotionellt stöd och bemötande och behov av adekvat och individanpassad information.

Diskussion: Vårdpersonalen måste se kvinnan som mer än en objektiv kropp eller som endast ett sjukdomstillstånd. Missfall är en händelse som påverkar hela människan och kvinnorna har många emotionella behov som behöver tillgodoses. Om dessa behov inte möts kan vårdlidande uppstå hos kvinnorna. En god vårdrelation kan vara svår att skapa då tidsbrist och dålig kontinuitet är vanligt förekommande på avdelningarna.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. , 36 p.
Keyword [en]
Miscarriage, Experiences, Emotions, Nursing
Keyword [sv]
Missfall, Upplevelser, Känslor, Vård
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:esh:diva-2362OAI: oai:DiVA.org:esh-2362DiVA: diva2:643609
Educational program
Bachelor of Science in Nursing
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2013-08-28 Created: 2013-08-27 Last updated: 2016-01-21Bibliographically approved

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