Minor Changes in Gene Expression in the Mouse Preoptic Hypothalamic Region by Inflammation-Induced Prostaglandin E2
2013 (English)In: Journal of neuroendocrinology (Print), ISSN 0953-8194, E-ISSN 1365-2826, Vol. 25, no 7, 635-643 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
We investigated to what extent inflammation-induced prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) regulates gene expression in the central nervous system. Wild-type mice and mice with deletion of the gene encoding microsomal prostaglandin E synthase-1 (mPGES-1), which cannot produce inflammation-induced PGE2, were subjected to peripheral injection of bacterial wall lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and killed after 5 h. The median and medial preoptic nuclei, which are rich in prostaglandin E receptors, were isolated by laser capture microdissection (LCM), and subjected to whole genome microarray analysis. Although the immune stimulus induced robust transcriptional changes in the brain, as seen by a quantitative reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) on selected genes, only small PGE2-dependent gene expression changes were observed in the gene array analysis and, for only two genes, a pronounced differential expression between LPS-treated wild-type and mPGES-1 knockout mice could be verified by qRT-PCR. These were Hspa1a and Hspa1b, encoding heat shock proteins, which showed a two- to three-fold higher expression in wild-type mice than in knockout mice after immune challenge. However, the induced expression of these genes was found to be secondary to increased body temperature because they were induced also by cage exchange stress, which did not elicit PGE2 synthesis, and thus were not induced per se by PGE2-elicited transcriptional events. Our findings suggest that inflammation-induced PGE2 has little effect on gene expression in the preoptic region, and that centrally elicited disease symptoms, although PGE2-dependent, occur as a result of regulation of neuronal excitability that is a consequence of intracellular, transcriptional-independent signalling cascades. Our findings also imply that the profound changes in gene expression in the brain that are elicited by peripheral inflammation occur independently of PGE2 via a yet unidentified mechanism.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Wiley-Blackwell , 2013. Vol. 25, no 7, 635-643 p.
microsomal prostaglandin E synthase-1; prostaglandin E2; fever; preoptic region; laser capture microdissection; whole genome microarray; heat-shock proteins
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-96460DOI: 10.1111/jne.12044ISI: 000320402900005OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-96460DiVA: diva2:642932