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Essays in Quantitative Macroeconomics
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
2013 (English)Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

In the first essay, Distortions in the Neoclassical Growth Model: A Cross Country Analysis, I show that shocks that express themselves as total factor productivity and labor income taxes are comparably more synchronized than shocks that resemble distortions to the ability of allocating resources across time and states of the world. These two shocks are also the most important to model. Lastly, I document the importance of international channels of transmission for the shocks, given that these are spatially correlated and that international trade variables, such as trade openness correlate particularly well with them. The second essay is called Monetary Business Cycle Accounting for Sweden. Given that the analysis is focused in one country, I can extend the prototype economy to include a nominal interest rate setting rule and government bonds. As in the previous essay, distortions to the labor-leisure condition and total factor productivity are the most relevant margins to be modeled, now joined by deviations from the nominal interest rate setting rule. Also, distortions do not share a structural break during the Great Recession, but they do during the 1990’s.  Researchers aiming to model Swedish business cycles must take into account the structural changes the Swedish economy went through in the 1990’s, though not so during the last recession. The third essay, Consumer Confidence and Consumption Spending: Evidence for the United States and the Euro Area, we show that, the consumer confidence index can be in certain circumstances a good predictor of consumption. In particular, out-of-sample evidence shows that the contribution of confidence in explaining consumption expenditures increases when household survey indicators feature large changes, so that confidence indicators can have some increasing predictive power during such episodes. Moreover, there is some evidence of a confidence channel in the international transmission of shocks, as U.S. confidence indices help predicting consumer sentiment in the euro area.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Department of Economics, Stockholm University , 2013. , 129 p.
Dissertations in Economics, ISSN 1404-3491 ; 6
Keyword [en]
Forecasting, Business Cycle Accounting, Fluctuations
National Category
Research subject
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-92861ISBN: 978-91-7447-742-9OAI: diva2:642818
Public defence
2013-10-08, De Geersalen, Geoventenskapens hus, Svante Arrhenius väg 14,, Stockholm, 10:00 (English)
Available from: 2013-09-16 Created: 2013-08-22 Last updated: 2013-09-02Bibliographically approved

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Brinca, Pedro Soares
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