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Holocene development and permafrost history of two mires in Tavvavuoma, Northern Sweden
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physical Geography and Quaternary Geology.
2013 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 40 credits / 60 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Two peat cores from two mires with different characteristics, but both containingpermafrost features and located in the eastern part of the Tavvavuoma mire complex innorthernmost Sweden, were analysed for macrofossils and geochemical properties. Local vegetationsequences and changes in geochemical properties of peat were used to reconstruct development ofthe studied mires during the Holocene. The study includes measurements of water/ice content, bulkdensity, loss-on-ignition and C/N ratio. Radiocarbon dates for peatland inception and permafrostaggradation are available. The main purpose of the study is to verify permafrost history in thepeatlands. The results of the macrofossil analysis and values of C/N ratio indicate nutrient poor tointermediate fen environments in both studied mires until recently. Signs of permafrost upheavalwhich caused formation of xerophilic peat can be proved only since late 1950’s. The study resultscorroborate with other studies from Northern Fennoscandia and infer peatland initiation soon afterthe deglaciation of the area and permafrost-free conditions throughout entire Holocene untilrecently.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. , 55 p.
Keyword [en]
plant macrofossils, palsa, peat plateau, peatland development, Tavvavuoma, permafrost, Holocene, soil carbon content
National Category
Natural Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-92709OAI: diva2:641872
2013-06-17, Stockholm, 09:00 (English)
Available from: 2013-08-20 Created: 2013-08-15 Last updated: 2013-08-20Bibliographically approved

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