Actinomycetes: A Repertory of Green Catalysts with a Potential Revenue Resource
2013 (English)In: BioMed Research International, ISSN 2314-6133, 264020Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Biocatalysis, one of the oldest technologies, is becoming a favorable alternative to chemical processes and a vital part of green technology. It is an important revenue generating industry due to a global market projected at $7 billion in 2013 with a growth of 6.7% for enzymes alone. Some microbes are important sources of enzymes and are preferred over sources of plant and animal origin. As a result, more than 50% of the industrial enzymes are obtained from bacteria. The constant search for novel enzymes with robust characteristics has led to improvisations in the industrial processes, which is the key for profit growth. Actinomycetes constitute a significant component of the microbial population in most soils and can produce extracellular enzymes which can decompose various materials. Their enzymes are more attractive than enzymes from other sources because of their high stability and unusual substrate specificity. Actinomycetes found in extreme habitats produce novel enzymes with huge commercial potential. This review attempts to highlight the global importance of enzymes and extends to signify actinomycetes as promising harbingers of green technology.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Hindawi Publishing Corporation, 2013. 264020
Research subject Natural sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:his:diva-8427DOI: 10.1155/2013/264020ISI: 000318085400001PubMedID: 23691495ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84877252497OAI: oai:DiVA.org:his-8427DiVA: diva2:641446