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Essays on the Interplay between Multinational Enterprises and Spatial Economies
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
2013 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This doctoral thesis concerns the interplay between multinational enterprises (MNE) and spatial economies, with an orientation towards the location and spillover effects of inward foreign direct investments (FDI). The thesis consists of four essays that are self-contained studies. The first essay relates to the shift away from FDI in manufacturing to services and examines whether service FDI locates differently from manufacturing FDI. The second essay concerns the relationship between FDI and public incentives and whether investment promotion schemes are useful to attract FDI. The third essay examines the link between human capital and FDI and how different types of skilled workers influence FDI location. Taken together, these three essays examine conditions and factors that determine the location decision of foreign MNEs in the contemporary era of globalisation. The forth essay examines whether labour mobility is a potential source for spillovers from FDI in a spatial context. Although the latter essay does not provide any final answer to whether spillovers actually arise through this channel, it shows that the potentials for an effect to arise are larger in some regions than others because there are very few or no such knowledge spillover agents in many parts of the country. The thesis concludes by discussing the link between FDI and the policy work on regional development, and some avenues for future studies.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2013. , 34 p.
Series
Trita-SOM , ISSN 1653-6126 ; 2013:04
Keyword [en]
Multinational Enterprises, Foreign Direct Investment, Firm location, Spillovers, Regional Development Policy and Analysis, Spatial Distributions of Economic Activity, Functional regions, Sweden
National Category
Economic Geography
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-125898ISBN: 978-91-7501-763-1 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-125898DiVA: diva2:641293
Public defence
2013-09-05, Sal F3 (Sing-Sing), Lindstedtsvägen 26, entréplan, KTH, Stockholm, 09:30 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note

QC 20130816

Available from: 2013-08-16 Created: 2013-08-16 Last updated: 2013-08-16Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. Location of Foreign Direct Investment in Services: Some Cross-industrial Evidence from Sweden
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Location of Foreign Direct Investment in Services: Some Cross-industrial Evidence from Sweden
(English)Article in journal (Other academic) Accepted
Abstract [en]

This study investigates the location of foreign direct investments in Sweden over the period 2002-2009. FDI are measured through the frequency of foreign ventures, i.e. new operating facilities established through Greenfield investments, per region and industrial sector. The aim is to provide cross-industrial evidence to bear on the question whether there is a need to reconsider factors traditionally used to explain FDI location: market potentials, agglomeration economies, transport infrastructure, and factor costs. Negative binomial regression results indicate significant differences across industries in what determines FDI location. The overall model result is that regions with a relatively diverse economy, good access to international airport and a qualified labour force appear to be the most attractive destinations. Diversity, which relates to Jacobs externalities and may stem from urbanisation economies, seems to be the only factor efficient to explain FDI in both manufacturing and service industries. This emphasises the crucial importance of information and knowledge spillovers in the current era of globalisation.

Keyword
Foreign direct investment, Firm location, Service industries, Regional Economics, Sweden
National Category
Economic Geography
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-125902 (URN)
Note

QS 2013

Available from: 2013-08-16 Created: 2013-08-16 Last updated: 2013-08-16Bibliographically approved
2. Regional Grants and FDI Location: Evidence from Swedish Regional Policy Programs 2002-2009
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Regional Grants and FDI Location: Evidence from Swedish Regional Policy Programs 2002-2009
2013 (English)In: Romanian Journal of Regional Science, ISSN 1843-8520, E-ISSN 1843-8520, Vol. 7, no 1, 36-68 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study investigates factors determining the location of foreign direct investments (FDI) in Sweden. The main purpose is to examine the link between FDI and public incentives, in the form of regional grants, which make up a central part of the Swedish regional policy and state expenditures that explicitly addresses regional development. Our main finding is that there is no evidence of a robust relationship between grants and the location of FDI. However, a statistically significant effect is found for investment support and transport allowance, which are grants that aims at promoting development in designated areas. This by supporting investments in machines, buildings, and so on, and offset costs disadvantages in the northern parts of the country. We conclude that a better integration between the work on FDI and regional development may be a plausible route to promote economic development in Sweden, particularly in deprived regions.

Keyword
Foreign Direct Investment, Firm location, Public intervention, Sweden
National Category
Economic Geography
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-125896 (URN)
Note

QC 20130816

Available from: 2013-08-16 Created: 2013-08-16 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved
3. Human Capital and FDI Location: The Swedish Experience
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Human Capital and FDI Location: The Swedish Experience
2012 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This study investigates the relationship between different types of human capital (HC) and the location of inward foreign direct investment (FDI) in Sweden, over the period 2002-2009. The purpose is to examine how firm-specific, industrial-specific, and occupational-specific HC influence the location of FDI in high technology industries and knowledge based services, among other factors that featured prominently in preceding FDI location work. Conditional logit estimates indicate that all types of HC are important but that occupational-specific HC appears to be key in attracting foreign firms in knowledge intensive production. This result emphasise the importance of highly skilled professionals, whose knowledge is relatively easily transferred across industry and firm settings. Other results largely uphold the basic tenets and empirical results in prior FDI location work.

Keyword
Foreign direct investment, Human capital, Firm location, Sweden
National Category
Economic Geography
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-125903 (URN)
Conference
Australia New Zealand Regional Science Association International Conference, 2012, Wollongong, Australia
Note

QC 20130816

Available from: 2013-08-16 Created: 2013-08-16 Last updated: 2013-08-16Bibliographically approved
4. Spillovers from FDI through Labour Mobility: An Empirical note from Sweden
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Spillovers from FDI through Labour Mobility: An Empirical note from Sweden
2016 (English)In: Regional Science Policy & Practice, E-ISSN 1757-7802, ISSN 1757-7802, Vol. 8, no 3, 111-125 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study investigates labour mobility flows between foreign firms and domestic employers in Sweden, which is done from the perspective that inter-firm mobility is a potential source of spillovers from FDI. After reviewing related literature, the study identifies potential knowledge spillover agents and examines the spatial extent of labour mobility patterns within and between 72 functional local labour market regions, including the effect of distance. Empirical results are provided on the frequency and relative importance of spillover agents across Sweden. Although the study neither provides any final answer for the underlying reasons for these flows nor their effect on domestic firms or local economies, which are questions left for future studies, it argues that the spatial dimension may have important implications for spillover effects to arise.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Wiley-Blackwell, 2016
Keyword
Foreign direct investment, Knowledge spillover agents, Local labour market mobility, Sweden
National Category
Economic Geography
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-125904 (URN)10.1111/rsp3.12077 (DOI)000385357300002 ()2-s2.0-84988920330 (Scopus ID)
Note

QC 20161129

Available from: 2013-08-16 Created: 2013-08-16 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved

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