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Can a psychosocial intervention programme teaching coping strategies improve the quality of life of Iranian women?: A non-randomised quasi-experimental study
University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
Department of Social and Psychological Studies, Karlstad University, Karlstad, Sweden.
2013 (English)In: BMJ Open, ISSN 2044-6055, E-ISSN 2044-6055, Vol. 3, no 3, e002407Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objectives: To assess whether a psychosocial intervention teaching coping strategies to women can improve quality of life (QOL) in groups of Iranian women exposed to social pressures. Design: Quasi-experimental non-randomised group design involving two categories of Iranian women, each category represented by non-equivalent intervention and comparison groups. Setting: A large urban area in Iran. Participants: 44 women; 25 single mothers and 19 newly married women. Interventions: Seventh-month psychosocial intervention aimed at providing coping strategies. Primary outcome measures: Effect sizes in four specific health-related domains and two overall perceptions of QOL and health measured by the WHOQOL-BREF instrument. Results: Large effect sizes were observed among the women exposed to the intervention in the WHOQOLBREF subdomains measuring physical health (r=0.68; p<0.001), psychological health (r=0.72; p<0.001), social relationships (r=0.52; p<0.01), environmental health (r=0.55; p<0.01) and in the overall perception of QOL (r=0.72; p<0.001); the effect size regarding overall perception of health was between small and medium (r=0.20; not significant). Small and not statistically significant effect sizes were observed in the women provided with traditional social welfare services. Conclusions: Teaching coping strategies can improve the QOL of women in societies where gender discrimination is prevalent. The findings require reproduction in studies with a more rigorous design before the intervention model can be recommended for widespread distribution.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
BMJ Publishing Group , 2013. Vol. 3, no 3, e002407
Keyword [en]
article, coping behavior, effect size, environmental health, female, health education, health program, health service, human, Iran, major clinical study, mental health, perception, psychosocial care, quality of life, quasi experimental study, social welfare, urban area
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Research subject
Medical sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:his:diva-8417DOI: 10.1136/bmjopen-2012-002407ISI: 000330560500053PubMedID: 23533213Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84876122714OAI: oai:DiVA.org:his-8417DiVA: diva2:641273
Available from: 2013-08-16 Created: 2013-08-16 Last updated: 2017-12-06

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