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Kylbehovet hos ett batteribaserat elenergilager: Med avseende på kyldistribution, drifttemperatur, klimat, isolering och termisk tröghet
Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013).
2013 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
The cooling load of a battery based electric energy storage system : Regarding colling distribution system, operating temperature, climate, insulation and thermal inertia (English)
Abstract [sv]

Under 2011 började MacBat AB ta fram ett elenergilager kallat Macbat Energy Storage System (MESS), vilket är uppbyggt av 360 stycken tvåvolts bly-syrabatterier inhysta i ett 20 fots container. Då bly-syrabatterier är känsliga för värme är den här studien inriktad på att utreda hur stort kylbehovet blir under olika förutsättningar där kyldistribution, drifttemperatur på batterierna, klimat, isolering och termiska tröghet är varierande parameterar. Det ska även avgöras vilken konfiguration av kyldistribution och isolering som ger lägst kylbehov för de studerade klimaten, vilka är av varmtempererad, arid och tropisk karaktär.

För att besvara studiens två mål togs fyra matematiska modeller fram i SIMULINK. Två luftkylda och två vattenkylda där en av varje var isolerad med 100 mm mineralull medan den andra var oisolerad. För samtliga modeller varierades drifttemperaturen mellan 25 – 35 °C och de studerade klimaten utgjordes av Phnom Phen, Kambodja, Djibouti, Djibouti, Bagdad, Irak samt London, England. För de vattenkylda modellerna varierades även MESS termiska tröghet i spannet 1,8058 – 9,0288 MJ/K genom att öka mängden kylvatten i systemet som användes för att kyla batterierna.

Batteriernas drifttemperatur visade sig vara den parameter som i högst grad avgör kylbehovets storlek. Isoleringen gav en reducerande effekt på kylbehovet i de fall då omgivningstemperaturen under längre perioder överstiger batteriernas drifttemperatur. Varierande termisk tröghet, i de vattenkylda modellerna, hade liten eller ingen inverkan på kylbehovet. Det beror förmodligen på att den termiska massa som konstant finns i batterierna i form av elektrolyt var betydligt större.

I fråga om vilken konfiguration av distributionssystem och isolering som ska användas för att erhålla ett lågt kylbehov visade sig detta bero på klimatet och drifttemperaturen på batterierna. Varmtemperade klimat som London behöver dock inget kylsystem överhuvudtaget.

Abstract [en]

In 2011 MacBat AB began to develop a electrical energy storage system called Macbat Energy Storage System (MESS), which is made up of 360 two volt lead acid batteries housed in a 20 foot container. However, while lead acid batteries are sensitive to heat this study is focused on investigating how great a cooling demand will be required under different conditions in which chilled distribution, operating temperature of the batteries, climate, insulation and thermal inertia are varied parameters. The study will also determine the configuration of chilled distribution and isolation that gives minimum cooling requirements for the studied climates, which is warm temperate, arid and tropical nature

To answer the study's two goals four mathematical models were developed in SIMULINK. Two air-cooled and two water-cooled where one of each was insulated with 100 mm mineral wool while the other was bare. For all models the operating temperature varied between 25 - 35 ° C and the studied climates consisted of Phnom Penh, Cambodia, Djibouti, Djibouti, Baghdad, Iraq, and London, England. For the water cooled models thermal inertia was also varied in the range of 1.8058 to 9.0288 MJ/ K by increasing the amount of cooling water in the system used to cool the batteries.

The battery operating temperature was proven to have the most significant impact on the cooling load. The isolation yielded a reducing effect on the cooling load in the case where the ambient temperature surpassed the battery operating temperature during longer periods. Varying thermal inertia of the water cooled models had little or no impact on the cooling load. It is probably due to the electrolyte in the batteries. It is a considerably larger source of thermal mass and is constant in all the models.

Which configuration, regarding the distribution system and insulation, that obtains a low cooling requirement was found to depend on the ambient climate and the battery operating temperature. However, warm temperate climates such as London requires no cooling system at all.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. , p. 44
Keywords [en]
electric energy storage system, energy storage system, battery, colling load
Keywords [sv]
elenergilager, energilager, batteri, kylbehov
National Category
Other Engineering and Technologies not elsewhere specified
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-28650Local ID: EM:2OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-28650DiVA, id: diva2:641203
External cooperation
Macbat AB
Subject / course
Environmental and Energy Systems
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2013-08-26 Created: 2013-08-15 Last updated: 2013-08-26Bibliographically approved

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