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Experimental and theoretical study of electronic structure of lutetium bi-phthalocyanine
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Molecular and condensed matter physics.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Materials Theory.
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2013 (English)In: Journal of Chemical Physics, ISSN 0021-9606, E-ISSN 1089-7690, Vol. 138, no 23, 234701- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Using Near Edge X-Ray Absorption Fine Structure (NEXAFS) Spectroscopy, the thickness dependent formation of Lutetium Phthalocyanine (LuPc2) films on a stepped passivated Si(100)2x1 reconstructed surface was studied. Density functional theory (DFT) calculations were employed to gain detailed insights into the electronic structure. Photoelectron spectroscopy measurements have not revealed any noticeable interaction of LuPc2 with the H-passivated Si surface. The presented study can be considered to give a comprehensive description of the LuPc2 molecular electronic structure. The DFT calculations reveal the interaction of the two molecular rings with each other and with the metallic center forming new kinds of orbitals in between the phthalocyanine rings, which allows to better understand the experimentally obtained NEXAFS results. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 138, no 23, 234701- p.
National Category
Natural Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-205011DOI: 10.1063/1.4809725ISI: 000321012400026OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-205011DiVA: diva2:640505
Available from: 2013-08-13 Created: 2013-08-13 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Structure and Electronic Properties of Phthalocyanine Films on Metal and Semiconductor Substrates
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Structure and Electronic Properties of Phthalocyanine Films on Metal and Semiconductor Substrates
2014 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The current thesis presents fundamental studies of phthalocyanines (Pcs), a group of organic macro-cycle molecules. The use of phthalocyanine molecular films in devices with a variety of possible technological applications has been the reason of the many studies dedicated to such molecules during the last decades.

Core and valence photoelectron spectroscopies (PES), X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) and scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) techniques are used to study phthalocyanine molecules in gas phase and adsorbed on gold (111) and silicon Si(100)-2x1 substrates. Density functional theory (DFT) is used to obtain further insights in the electronic structure of the phthalocyanines.

The aim of our studies is to get a deeper understanding into the molecule-molecule and molecule-substrate interactions, a fundamental requirement for improving the devices based on such molecular materials.

Gas phase PES and XAS studies and single molecule DFT calculations are performed on the valence band (VB) of iron phthalocyanine (FePc), manganese phthalocyanine (MnPc) and metal-free phthalocyanine (H2Pc). The VB simulations have shown how the metal atom of the Pc influences the inner valence states of the molecules. The HOMO of the H2Pc and FePc is formed by mostly C2p states, whereas the HOMO of MnPc has mainly Mn3d character.

PES studies of H2Pc on Au(111) have revealed the influence of the surface on the adsorption of the monolayer. XAS studies indicate formation of ordered monolayer with the Pc ligands parallel to the surface and the change of the molecular tilt angle with increasing thicknesses. For LuPc2 adsorbed on Au(111), STM study demonstrates a formation of bilayer instead of a monolayer.

A comparison between the results of LuPc2 adsorbed on pristine or passivated Si(100)-2x1 confirmes the different reactivities of these surfaces: LuPc2 retains many molecular-like characters, when adsorbed on the innert passivated Si. Instead, on the more reactive pristine Si surface, the spectroscopic results have indicated a more significant interaction, possible hybridization and charge redistribution between the molecules and the surface. Moreover, STM images show a modification of the geometrical shape of the molecules, which are proposed to adsorb in two different geometries on the pristine Si surface.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2014. 51 p.
Series
Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Science and Technology, ISSN 1651-6214 ; 1119
Keyword
Phthalocyanines, silicon(100), Au(111), photoelectron spectroscopy, scanning tunneling microscopy, surface science, organic molecules on surface
National Category
Natural Sciences Condensed Matter Physics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-217086 (URN)978-91-554-8867-3 (ISBN)
Public defence
2014-03-14, Häggsalen, Ångström Laboratory, Lägerhyddsvägen 1, Uppsala, 10:15 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2014-02-21 Created: 2014-01-29 Last updated: 2014-04-29
2. Complex Excitations in Advanced Functional Materials
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Complex Excitations in Advanced Functional Materials
2016 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Understanding the fundamental electronic properties of materials is a key step to develop innovations in many fields of technology. For example, this has allowed to design molecular based devices like organic field effect transistors, organic solar cells and molecular switches.

In this thesis, the properties of advanced functional materials, in particular metal-organic molecules and molecular building blocks of 2D materials, are investigated by means of Density Functional Theory (DFT), the GW approximation (GWA) and the Bethe-Salpeter equation (BSE), also in conjunction with experimental studies. The main focus is on calculations aiming to understand spectroscopic results.

In detail, the molecular architectures of lutetium-bis-phthalocyanine (LuPc2) on clean and hydrogenated vicinal Si(100)2×1, and of the biphenylene molecule on Cu(111) were analysed by means of X-ray Photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and Near Edge X-ray Absorption Fine Structure (NEXAFS) spectroscopy; DFT calculations were performed to obtain insights into the atomic and electronic structures. Furthermore, detailed information about the electronic states of the gas phase iron phthalocyanine (FePc) and of the gas phase biphenylene molecule were obtained through XPS and NEXAFS spectroscopy. I have studied by means of DFT, multiplet and GWA calculations the electronic correlation effects in these systems. Also the optical, electronic and excitonic properties of a hypothetical 2D material based on the biphenylene molecule were investigated by GWA and BSE calculations. Monolayers of metal-free phthalocyanine (H2Pc) on Au(111) and of FePc on Au(111) and Cu(100)c(2×2)-2N/Cu(111) with and without pyridine modifier were studied by XPS and final state calculations. A multiplet approach to compute L-edges employing the hybridizations function, known from dynamical mean field theory, was proposed and applied to transition metal oxides.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2016. 90 p.
Series
Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Science and Technology, ISSN 1651-6214 ; 1365
Keyword
X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy, Photoelectron Spectroscopy, Adsorption, Phthalocyanines, Biphenylene, Excitons, Functional Materials
National Category
Condensed Matter Physics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-282151 (URN)978-91-554-9543-5 (ISBN)
Public defence
2016-05-13, Å80101, Ångströmlaboratoriet, Lägerhyddsvägen 1, Uppsala, 09:15 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2016-04-22 Created: 2016-04-03 Last updated: 2016-04-29

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