Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Traditional Bullying and Cyberbullying among Swedish Adolescents: Gender differences and associations with mental health
Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences. Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Centre for Research on Child and Adolescent Mental Health. (Centre for reserach of child and adolescent mental health)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-7872-5808
2013 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The aim of this thesis is to study the differences between traditional bullying and cyberbullying among adolescents, focusing on gender, psychosomatic problems, and disability, and to gain insight into health staff’s experience of bullying in schools.

The four studies in this thesis were based on surveys undertaken among 3,800 adolescents in Grades 7, 8 and 9 in Sweden, as well as focus groups of 16 people consisting of school social workers and school nurses.

While almost no gender differences were found among traditional victims, Study I showed that girls were more likely than boys to be cybervictims. Boys were more likely than girls to be traditional bullies, while girls were equally as likely as boys to be cyberbullies. Study II showed that psychosomatic problems were associated with being a victim, a bully or a bully-victim. Cyberbullying showed no stronger association with psychosomatic problems than traditional bullying. Study III: Three main categories emerged from school health staff’s experience: 1) “Anti-bullying team”; 2) “Working style”; and 3) “Perspectives on bullying”. The last two each comprised two sub-categories: “Team member”/“Single worker”; and “Contextual perspective”/“Individual-oriented perspective”. Study IV showed that, regardless of gender and grade, students with a disability were more likely to be bully-victims and, more particularly, bully-victims involved in both traditional bullying and cyberbullying. No differences between disabled adolescents and others were found with respect to the association between bullying and psychosomatic health.

The results show that some adolescents are more likely to experience higher levels of psychosomatic health problems than others. They also show that some adolescents are more likely to be involved in bullying, either as victims, bullies or bully-victims. This thesis also discusses contextual and individual approaches adopted by schools in preventing bullying.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Karlstad: Karlstads universitet, 2013. , 100 p.
Series
Karlstad University Studies, ISSN 1403-8099 ; 2013:31
Keyword [en]
adolescents, cyberbullying, bullying, school
National Category
Social Sciences
Research subject
Public Health Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-28613ISBN: 978-91-7063-509-0 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-28613DiVA: diva2:639930
Public defence
2013-09-27, Rejmersalen (9C204), Universitetsgatan 2, Karlstad, 10:00 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note

Article 4 was in manuscriptform at the time of the thesis defense.

Available from: 2013-09-06 Created: 2013-08-12 Last updated: 2016-10-10Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. Discrepant gender patterns for cyberbullying and traditional bullying: An analysis of Swedish adolescent data
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Discrepant gender patterns for cyberbullying and traditional bullying: An analysis of Swedish adolescent data
2013 (English)In: Computers in human behavior, ISSN 0747-5632, E-ISSN 1873-7692, Vol. 29, no 5, 1896-1903 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In the wake of the rapid development of modern IT technology, cyberspace bullying has emerged among adolescents. The aim of the present study was to examine gender differences among adolescents involved in traditional bullying and cyberbullying. Cross-sectional data from 2989 Swedish students aged 13–15 were analyzed using logistic regression analysis. The results show discrepant gender patterns of involvement in traditional bullying and cyberbullying. First, although there were only minimal gender differences among traditional victims, girls are more likely than boys to be cybervictims when occasional cyberbullying is used as a cut-off point. Second, whereas boys are more likely to be traditional bullies, girls are as likely as boys to be cyberbullies. In conclusion, compared to traditional bullying, girls are generally more involved in cyberbullying relative to boys. We discuss these results in the light of adolescents’ usage of computerized devices.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2013
Keyword
Adolescents, Bullying, Cyberbullying, Gender, School
National Category
Social Sciences
Research subject
Samhällskunskap; Public Health Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-26997 (URN)10.1016/j.chb.2013.03.010 (DOI)000321169600012 ()
Available from: 2013-04-22 Created: 2013-04-22 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved
2. Does the association with psychosomatic health problems differ between cyberbullying and traditional bullying?
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Does the association with psychosomatic health problems differ between cyberbullying and traditional bullying?
2012 (English)In: Emotional and Behavioural Difficulties, ISSN 1363-2752, E-ISSN 1741-2692, Vol. 17, no 3-4, 421-434 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The association between mental health problems and traditional bullying is well known,whereas the strength of the association in cyberbullying is less known. This study aimedto compare the association between mutually exclusive groups of bullying involvementand psychosomatic problems as measured by the PsychoSomatic Problems scale. Thesample comprised 3820 students (13–16 years old) in Sweden. The results indicate anassociation between bullying and psychosomatic problems, regardless of type of bullyinginvolvement. No statistically significant differences in psychosomatic problemswere found between cyberbullying and traditional bullying, either for victims or forbullies. The results do not confirm the hypothesis that the association between bullyingand mental health is stronger for cyberbullying than for traditional bullying. Anotherimportant finding is that cyberbullies seem as likely as cybervictims to be at risk formental health problems.

Keyword
adolescents, bullying, cyberbullying, mental health
National Category
Social Sciences Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Research subject
Public Health Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-14677 (URN)10.1080/13632752.2012.704228 (DOI)
Projects
Skolan förebygger
Available from: 2012-09-06 Created: 2012-09-06 Last updated: 2017-12-07Bibliographically approved
3. Views of Bullying and Antibullying Working Styles Among School Nurses and School Social Workers in Sweden
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Views of Bullying and Antibullying Working Styles Among School Nurses and School Social Workers in Sweden
2016 (English)In: Journal of School Violence, ISSN 1538-8220, E-ISSN 1538-8239, Vol. 15, no 4, 438-459 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis Group, 2016
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Research subject
Public Health Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-28947 (URN)10.1080/15388220.2015.1084234 (DOI)000375793300004 ()
Note

I avhandlingen med titeln Perspectives on bullying : a study among school nurses and school social workers in Sweden

Available from: 2013-09-06 Created: 2013-09-06 Last updated: 2017-07-04Bibliographically approved
4. Disability in Relation to Different Peer-Victimization Groups and Psychosomatic Problems
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Disability in Relation to Different Peer-Victimization Groups and Psychosomatic Problems
2016 (English)In: Children & Schools, ISSN 1532-8759, E-ISSN 1545-682X, Vol. 38, no 3, 153-161Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The purpose of this study was to examine the associations between disability, victims, perpetrators, and so-called "bully-victims" (someone reporting being both a victim and a perpetrator) of traditional, cyber, or combined victimization or perpetration and psychosomatic health among adolescents. Authors analyzed cross-sectional data from 3,820 Swedish students (ages 13 through 15) using linear and multinomial regression. The results show that students with a disability were more likely to be bully-victims and, more particularly, involved in both traditional and cyber victimization. Authors did not find any differences between adolescents with a disability and others with respect to the association between peer victimization and psychosomatic health. When developing intervention programs, schools may take a comprehensive approach due to the relatively large overlap between traditional and cyber victimization. Targeting groups with known disadvantages may also help reach out to bully-victims.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oxford University Press, 2016
Keyword
adolescents; bully-victims; cyber victimization; peer victimization; psychosomatic health
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Research subject
Public Health Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-38995 (URN)10.1093/cs/cdw022 (DOI)000379764300005 ()
Available from: 2016-01-11 Created: 2016-01-11 Last updated: 2017-12-01Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

Traditional Bullying and Cyberbullying among Swedish Adolescents(1708 kB)8830 downloads
File information
File name FULLTEXT01.pdfFile size 1708 kBChecksum SHA-512
e8f926ed3d40628ff06ac53eb12a6b74047bbc47fa023c2aacf0c7cefe4d56a88b3cc7449e9387260cbaaa8a4127a08ecfc8b1aed3c4dc407ac6d025e5dad9b7
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Beckman, Linda
By organisation
Department of Health SciencesCentre for Research on Child and Adolescent Mental Health
Social Sciences

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
Total: 8830 downloads
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

isbn
urn-nbn

Altmetric score

isbn
urn-nbn
Total: 6860 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf