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Sense of coherence of reindeer herders and other Samis in comparison to other Swedish citizens
Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Samhällsvetenskap. (Profession: arbetsliv och högskola)
School of Health Sciences, Jönköping University.
School of Health Sciences, Jönköping University.
2013 (English)In: International Journal of Circumpolar Health, ISSN 2242-3982, Vol. 72, 20633- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND: Samis are indigenous people in north Europe. In the territory called Sápmi (Lapland), reindeer herding is the traditional base for the Sami economy. The relation between living conditions and positive health of the Swedish Samis has been sparsely studied. As health is closely linked to sense of coherence (SOC), an understanding of the background factors to SOC may contribute knowledge that might be useful in promoting living conditions and health.

METHODS: The study examines relations between the level of SOC and background factors from surveys in a Sami population (n=613) in comparison to a non-Sami population (n=525) in Sweden, and in comparison between 2 subsamples of Samis, that is, herders and non-herders.

RESULTS: There are more similarities than differences between the Sami and non-Sami populations. However, dividing the Sami population, reindeer herders had significantly lower SOC, and in specific the subcomponent manageability, that is, less ability to use available resources to meet different demands in life, compared to non-herders.

CONCLUSIONS: In addition to age and health, predictors of SOC are related to the life form of reindeer husbandry and the belonging to the herding community.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 72, 20633- p.
Keyword [en]
Sami population, non-Sami population, survey, sense of coherence, general resistance resources, health determinants, social support, threats to reindeer herding, Sami life form, meaning of reindeer herding
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
URN: urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-10827DOI: 10.3402/ijch.v72i0.20633ISI: 000322601000001PubMedID: 23853763OAI: diva2:639637
Available from: 2013-08-08 Created: 2013-08-08 Last updated: 2014-01-14Bibliographically approved

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