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La competencia sociopragmática en aprendices suecos de español como lengua extranjera: el caso de la Descortesía No Auténtica
Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Spanish, Portuguese and Latin American Studies, Spanish.
2013 (Spanish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
The sociopragmatic competence in Swedish learners of Spanish as a foreign language: the case of Non-Genuine Impoliteness (English)
Abstract [es]

La presente investigación se establece en el ámbito de la enseñanza del español como lengua extranjera e integra el estudio de ciertos fenómenos abordados por la teoría de la cortesía. Se trata de un estudio de carácter investigativo cuyo propósito es determinar el nivel de competencia sociopragmática que demuestra un grupo experimental de hablantes de sueco L1 y español LE respecto a la Descortesía No Auténtica, en adelante DNA (Bernal, 2007). En este tipo de cortesía que implica dirigir insultos y/o términos con carga actitudinal

convencionalmente negativa hacia el interlocutor, los factores contextuales intervienen haciendo que estos adquieran un fin afiliativo. Para ejemplificar este tipo de cortesía recurrimos al uso de materiales auténticos de tipo audiovisual, concretamente a seis secuencias extraídas de la serie de televisión española Los hombres de Paco, sobre las que nuestro grupo experimental nos mostrará sus percepciones por medio de una encuesta. Partimos de la hipótesis de que los informantes suecos, al no compartir los conocimientos propios de la comunidad española y aprender la lengua en un contexto formal (en el aula), no serán capaces de comprender en su totalidad el uso de esta DNA. En nuestro trabajo nos basamos en una metodología propia de la pragmática sociocultural (Bravo, 2009), lo que requiere la participación de un grupo de consultación de origen español con dos objetivos principales: que sus aportaciones confirmen el análisis introspectivo realizado por la investigadora y que ambos conjuntos de resultados sirvan de base para analizar las respuestas que ofrece el grupo experimental. Un análisis cualitativo de todas las respuestas proporcionadas nos permite concluir que el grupo sueco, si bien posee un nivel de competencia sociopragmática desarrollado respecto a la comprensión de la DNA, este es limitado a la hora de ponerla en práctica, por lo que su nivel sociopragmático no es totalmente equiparable al de los nativos de español.

Abstract [en]

The present research belongs to the field of Teaching Spanish as a foreign language and deals with the study of certain phenomena pertaining to the theory of politeness. This investigative study intends to determine the level of sociopragmatic competence demonstrated by an experimental group composed by Swedish native speakers who are also Spanish non-native speakers, regarding Non-Genuine Impoliteness (Bernal, 2007). In this type of politeness which involves to address towards the interlocutor insults and/or expressions that conventionally express a negative attitude, contextual factors take part making they get an affiliative aim. To illustrate with examples this type of politeness

we recur to the use of authentic audiovisual materials, specifically to six sequences extracted from the Spanish TV series Los hombres de Paco. By means of a survey, our experimental group of students will demonstrate their perceptions of the sequences. We hypothesize that, as that our Swedish experimental group does not share the same knowledge of the Spanish-speech community and as they learn this foreign language in a formal environment (the classroom), they will not be able to understand the use of this NGI in its entirety. We base our investigation in a methodology directly pertaining to sociocultural pragmatics (Bravo, 2009), which requires the participation of a further Spanish consultative group of participants, with two main objectives in mind: that their contributions confirm the introspective analysis made by the researcher and that both sets of results serve as a basis for the analysis of the answers given by our student experimental group. A qualitative analysis of all the answers provided enables us to conclude that the Swedish group, although they possess a developed level of sociopragmatic competence regarding the understanding of the NGI, is still limited when it comes to putting it into practice, as their sociopragmatic level of competence is not entirely comparable to that of native Spanish speakers.

 

 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. , 138 p.
Keyword [en]
Sociopragmatic competence, non-genuine impoliteness, sociocultural context, social effect, colloquial Spanish
Keyword [es]
Competencia sociopragmática, descortesía no auténtica, contexto sociocultural, efecto social, español coloquial.
National Category
Languages and Literature
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-92532OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-92532DiVA: diva2:639527
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Available from: 2013-08-08 Created: 2013-08-08 Last updated: 2013-08-08Bibliographically approved

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