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Exit, punishment and rewards in commons dilemmas: An experimental study
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies. Collegio Carlo Alberto, Moncalieri, Italy.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-2837-0137
2013 (English)In: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 8, no 8, e69871Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Commons dilemmas are interaction situations where a common good is provided or exploited by a group of individuals so that optimal collective outcomes clash with private interests. Although in these situations, social norms and institutions exist that might help individuals to cooperate, little is known about the interaction effects between positive and negative incentives and exit options by individuals. We performed a modified public good game experiment to examine the effect of exit, rewards and punishment, as well as the interplay between exit and rewards and punishment. We found that punishment had a stronger effect than rewards on cooperation if considered by itself, whereas rewards had a stronger effect when combined with voluntary participation. This can be explained in terms of the `framing effect', i.e., as the combination of exit and rewards might induce people to attach higher expected payoffs to cooperative strategies and expect better behaviour from others.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 8, no 8, e69871
National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Research subject
Social Sciences, Sociology
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-27764DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0069871ISI: 000324518400025OAI: diva2:639074
Available from: 2013-08-06 Created: 2013-08-06 Last updated: 2016-08-17Bibliographically approved

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Bravo, Giangiacomo
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