CLEANLINESS ASSESSMENT OF STEEL BARS PRODUCED FROM A HIGH FREQUENCY INDUCTION FURNACE
Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
To stay competitive in the steel industry, steelmakers are utilizing different production methods to reduce production cost without compromising on the quality of their products. In steelmaking, the production process plays a significant role on the steel cleanliness. Recent increasing demands on the cleanliness level therefore require optimization of production process to meet the requirement. Often, the types and distribution of non-metallic inclusions in steel determines the steel cleanliness. In order to optimize the production process, complete assessment of the non-metallic inclusions in the steel is necessary, leading to implementation of measures to control and/or remove non-metallic inclusions in the steel.
The present study was performed to investigate the cleanliness level of steel bars produced from a high frequency induction furnace (HF) route at Uddeholms AB. Experimental studies were carried out and characteristics such as number, composition, size distribution and morphology of non-metallic inclusions were investigated. Total oxygen and total nitrogen content were also measured for indirect assessment. Further, the production operations at the HF were observed and evaluated to determine their influence on the inclusion characteristics. The characteristics obtained were compared with characteristics of inclusions in steel bars produced from an electric arc furnace production (EAF) route at Uddeholms AB and a competitor producer sample.
The results showed that the level of cleanliness varies from different production routes and is hence dependent on the process at each production route. The number, maximum and mean size of inclusions were found to be higher in the HF route compared to the other routes. More so, there were differences in the types of oxide inclusions observed from each process route. However, sulphide inclusions exhibit similar characteristics from the different process routes. Further, the compositions of oxide inclusions observed from the HF route were found to be closely related to the steel chemistry. More importantly, the types of inclusions formed in the HF route were found to be sensitively affected by the extent of aluminium and calcium contents in the steel. Thus, the oxide inclusion types in the HF samples could be traced to the extent of different additions and operations such as deoxidation and calcium treatment that were carried out during the steelmaking process.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. , 58 p.
HIGH FREQUENCY INDUCTION FURNACE, NON METALLIC INCLUSION, INCLUSION ASSESSMENT, DEOXIDATION, CALCIUM TREATMENT
Engineering and Technology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-125018OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-125018DiVA: diva2:638848
Subject / course
Applied Process Metallurgy
Master of Science - Materials Science and Engineering
JÖNSSON, PÄR, PROFESSOR