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Investigating the link between immigrant employeesand firm trade
Department of Economics, Lund University, S-220 07 Lund, Sweden and Ministry for Foreign Affairs.
Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-0149-9598
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

a heterogeneous firm trade model. By exploiting a rich employer–employee panel for Sweden, we show that immigrants’ skills and lengths of stay strongly influence the association with firm trade. The link is stronger for smaller firms and for differentiated goods but similar across detailed product margins of trade. Our findings are consistent with the hypothesis that.immigrants facilitate trade by lowering information friction and by infusing trust into business. 

Keywords [en]
trade, migration, firm-level analysis, trade costs, networks, information, trust
National Category
Economics and Business
Research subject
Business Studies
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-30110OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-30110DiVA, id: diva2:638794
Available from: 2013-08-02 Created: 2013-08-02 Last updated: 2017-10-17Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Tackling barriers to firm trade: liberalisation, migration and servification
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Tackling barriers to firm trade: liberalisation, migration and servification
2013 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This thesis analyses how to tackle barriers to firm trade and the consequences thereof. In Essay 1, we carefully model trade liberalisation scenarios that include the key elements of the WTO Doha round, scenarios that are implemented in a computable general equilibrium model. The simulation results indicate particularly strong gains for developing countries from liberalisation. A conservative estimate is that global income increases by approximately 0.2-0.7 per cent of initial GDP, depending on the degree of liberalisation, with trade facilitation contributing the most to these results. Overall, simulations indicate the importance of countries’ own liberalisation for national income gains and of a broad-based round of trade negotiations. In Essay 2, we analyse the mechanisms through which immigrant employees help firms overcome informal barriers to trade, based on a heterogeneous- firm trade model. By exploiting a rich employer-employee panel for Sweden, we show that immigrants’ skills and length-of-stay strongly influence their impact on firm trade. The link is also stronger for smaller firms and for differentiated goods, but similar across product margins of trade. Our findings are consistent with the hypothesis that immigrant employees facilitate firm trade by lowering information frictions and infusing trust into business relationships through knowledge of foreign markets and access to networks. Essay 3 is concerned with structural changes in the Swedish economy with respect to services in manufacturing. Despite suggestive evidence, large gaps remain in our knowledge about the process of servicification, a process whereby manufacturing focuses increasingly on services. We therefore analyse these changes in manufacturing in depth. The results show that manufacturing has been servicifying substantially. In Essay 4, the role of services for manufacturing firm exports is analysed The microeconometric results suggest that service inputs affect a firm’s export capabilities. Overall, Essay 4 provides new firm-level evidence for the role of services as inputs in manufacturing.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Örebro: Örebro universitet, 2013. p. 45
Series
Örebro Studies in Business - Dissertations, ISSN 1654-8841 ; 23
Keywords
trade, liberalisation, WTO, CGE, trade facilitation, services, migration, employer-employee, networks, servicification, manufacturing, firm, enterprise group, deindustrialisation
National Category
Economics
Research subject
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-28467 (URN)978-91-7668-931-8 (ISBN)
Public defence
2013-06-14, BIO, Forumhuset, Örebro universitet, Fakultetsgatan 1, Örebro, 09:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2013-03-25 Created: 2013-03-25 Last updated: 2017-10-17Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf