Chemical and bioanalytical characterisation of PAH-contaminated soils: identification, availability and mixture toxicity of AhR agonists
2013 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Contaminated soils are a worldwide problem. Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are common contaminants in soil at former industrial areas, especially at old gasworks sites, gas stations and former wood impregnation facilities. Risk assessments of PAHs in contaminated soils are usually based on chemical analysis of a small number of individual PAHs, which only constitute a small part of the complex cocktail of hundreds of PAHs and other related polycyclic aromatic compounds (PACs) in the soils. Generally, the mixture composition of PAH-contaminated soils is rarely known and the mechanisms of toxicity and interactions between the pollutants are far from fully understood.
The main objective of this thesis was to characterize remediated PAHcontaminated soils by use of a chemical and bioanalytical approach. Bioassay specific relative potency (REP) values for 38 PAHs and related PACs were developed in the sensitive H4IIE-luc bioassay and used in massbalance analysis of remediated PAH contaminated soils, to assess the contribution of chemically quantified compounds to the overall aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR)-mediated activity observed in the H4IIE-luc bioassay. Mixtures studies showed additive AhR-mediated effects of PACs, including PAHs, oxy PAHs, methylated PAHs and azaarenes, in the bioassay, which supports the use of REP values in risk assessment. The results from the chemical and bioassay analysis showed that PAH-contaminated soils contained a large fraction of AhR activating compounds whose effect could not be explained by chemical analysis of the 16 priority PAHs. Further chemical identification and biological studies are necessary to determine whether these unknown substances pose a risk to human health or the environment. Results presented in this thesis are an important step in the development of AhR-based bioassay analysis and risk assessment of complex PAH-contaminated samples.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Örebro: Örebro universitet , 2013. , 60 p.
Örebro Studies in Chemistry, ISSN 1651-4270 ; 13
Polycyclic aromatic compounds, Soil, Risk assessment, Mixture studies, AhR-mediated activity, REPs, GC/MS, H4IIE-luc bioassay
Research subject Chemistry
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-30070ISBN: 978-91-7668-961-5OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-30070DiVA: diva2:638452
2013-09-27, Hörsalen, Billbergska huset, Örebro universitet, Fakultetsgatan 1, 701 82 Örebro, 10:00 (Swedish)
Haglund, Peter, Professor
Engwall, Magnus, ProfessorHagberg, Jessika, Associate professor
FunderSwedish Environmental Protection AgencyKnowledge Foundation
Other funders: Sparbanksstiftelsen Nya and Ångpanneföreningen2013-07-302013-07-302016-12-02Bibliographically approved
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