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The Nordic Alliance for Open Education - State of the art, challenges and opportunities
Linnaeus University, The University Library.
University of Jyväskylä, Finland.
Lunds universitet.
International Council for Open and Distance Education – ICDE, Norway.
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2013 (English)In: The Joy of Learning Enhancing Learning Experience - Improving Learning Quality: Proceedings of the European Distance and E-Learning Network 2013 Annual Conference Oslo, 12-15 June, 2013 ISBN 978-963-89559-3-7, Oslo: European Distance and E-Learning Network , 2013Conference paper (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Are the Nordic countries forerunners in Open Education? What is the state of the art, barriers

and opportunities of Open Education in the Nordic countries? What are necessary actions on

policy, institutional and individual levels? These are the main questions of this paper.

Open Educational Resources are discussed widely on a global, European and even Nordic

level. UNESCO, which has coined the term Open Educational Resources (OER) some 10 years

ago, published in June 2012 a global agenda for OER, the Paris Declaration (adopted by OER

World Congress). The Declaration shows the importance of Open Educational Resources and

gives recommendations to governments and institutions around the globe. The European

Union has started a large-scale initiative on “Opening Up Education”


The concept of OER seems promising, potentially leading to educational collaborations,

having potential for stimulating innovation in education, reducing cost of education, and

broadening access to education for all. However, the awareness on the opportunities of using

OERs is still low in the Nordic countries. In contrast to Open Access (for publications) or

Open Source (for software development), OER are not yet broadly known and accepted /

adopted. It is highly necessary to combine the initiatives and ideas of open approaches. This is

the case at a user level as well as on policy level (see also Clements & Pawlowski, 2012).

Therefore, it is important to promote OER to governments at all levels as well as to


The Nordic countries seem to be a good ground for openness and sharing: the Nordic

countries share many values related to education and technology development; the political 

and governmental institutions are quite similar – there is also a tradition for exchange of

knowledge and solutions between the countries.

In this paper, we briefly give an introduction to OER and reflect on the state if the art of Open

Education in the Nordic countries. In expert workshops by the Nordic Open Education

Alliance, barriers and possible interventions to overcome them were explored. Based on these,

we formulate recommendations as well as propose implementation actions. This study is

based on a position paper from the Nordic Open Education Alliance


Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oslo: European Distance and E-Learning Network , 2013.
Keyword [en]
open educational resources, OER, university, education, e-learning, educational technology
National Category
Research subject
Pedagogics and Educational Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-27395ISBN: 978-963-89559-3-7OAI: diva2:635332
European Distance and E-Learning Network 2013 Annual Conference Oslo, 12-15 June, 2013
Available from: 2013-07-03 Created: 2013-07-03 Last updated: 2014-12-17Bibliographically approved

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