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Et Tammuz-relief i Mar Jacob-klostret nær Edessa
Aarhus Universitet.
2012 (Danish)In: Orientalia Suecana, ISSN 0078-6578, E-ISSN 2001-7324, Vol. 61, no Supplement, 1-12 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [da]

I et ruinkompleks kaldet Deir Yakup, ca. syv km. sydvest for Edessa (Sanliurfa), som både rummer resterne af et mausoleum og et kloster for en syrisk Mar Jacob, befinder sig et relief, hvis motiv er en liggende skikkelse, flankeret af omridset af en kvinde af den velkendte fønikisk-syriske type: "den sørgende Venus". Med baggrund i kulten for Balti (Venus)-Tammuz, der ifølge syrisk litteratur blev dyrket langt op i kristen tid, peger relieffets motiv på at ruinkomplekset Deir Yakup en gang var scene for en lokal edessensk Tammuz-kult.

Abstract [en]

In the mountains ca. 7 km southwest of Edessa (Sanliurfa), there is a complex of ruins called Deir Yakup, containing a mausoleum and a monastery of Mar Jacob. Among the ruins, there is a relief showing the shape of a lying person flanked by a woman of the well-known Phoenician-Syrian motif: "The Mourning Venus." According to Syriac literature the cult of Balti (Venus)-Tammuz continued long into the Christian era and the motif of the relief clearly suggests that the ruins at Deir Yakup were a scene of a local Tammuz cult.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala, 2012. Vol. 61, no Supplement, 1-12 p.
Keyword [en]
Pre-Christian sacral architecture, pre-Christian Syrian iconography, early Syro-Christian literature, Tammuz cult
Keyword [da]
førkristen-kristen sakral arkitektur, førkristen syrisk kult og ikonografi, tidlig kristen syrisk litteratur, Tammuz-kult
National Category
Languages and Literature
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-203135OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-203135DiVA: diva2:635251
Available from: 2013-07-03 Created: 2013-07-03 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved

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