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Utvärdering av höjdosäkerheten i digitala höjdmodeller framställda fotogrammetriskt med UAS
University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management.
University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management.
2013 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Digitala ytmodeller (Digital Surface Model – DSM) används ofta i geodetiskt sammanhang. DSM har länge skapats bland annat med hjälp av fotogrammetri där flygbilder har tagits med traditionella flygningar. Intresset tilltar nu för att framställa DSM med hjälp av obemannade flygfarkoster, så kallade UAS (Unmanned Aircraft System). Den största fördelen med UAS är att det går snabbt och enkelt att få den lilla flygfarkosten upp i luften för att ta flygbilder och framställa DSM kostnadseffektivt.Syftet med detta examensarbete var att undersöka vilken höjdosäkerhet som kan uppnås i DSM som framställts genom fotogrammetri med UAS. För att åstadkomma detta har två flygningar gjorts den 25 april 2013 med en Gatewing X100 över ett område i Grillby där cirka 350 flygbilder togs sammanlagt. Efter flygningarna mättes med en totalstation 16 kontrollprofiler in på olika terrängtyper över flygområdet enligt rekommendationer i SIS-TS 21145:2007 ”Statistisk provning av digital terrängmodell”.Från de två flygningarna som gjordes i Grillby framställdes två olika DSM i programvaran AgiSoft Photoscan. DSM importerades därefter till SBG Geo där höjdskillnaderna mellan kontrollprofilerna och DSM beräknades. Medelavvikelsen i höjd varierade mellan -0,112 m och 0,050 m för de olika provytorna. De provytor som systematiskt avvek från DSM var asfaltprofilerna, dessa låg konstant (ca 0,1 m) under DSM. Anledningen tros ligga i bildmatchningen i programvaran AgiSoft Photoscan.De DSM som framställdes i detta examensarbete uppfyllde kraven för klass 4 enligt SIS-TS 21144:2007 vilket innebär att max medelavvikelse i höjd får vara 0,15 m. Det innebär, enligt samma SIS-TS, att framställda DSM är lämpade som projekteringsunderlag för arbetsplan väg och systemhandling järnväg (i jämn terräng).

Abstract [en]

Digital Surface Models (DSM) is common used for geodetic measurement today. Digital surface models have been created for a long time using photogrammetry where aerial photographs have been taken with traditional flights. The interest to produce DSM using unmanned air vehicles (UAS) has increased lately. The main advantage of a UAS system is that it is quick and easy to get the little aircraft up in the air to take aerial photographs and produce DSM cost-effective.The aim of this thesis was to investigate the height of uncertainty that can be achieved in DSM created by photogrammetry using UAS. To achieve this two flights have been made the 25th of April 2013 with a Gatewing X100. The flights were made over an area in Grillby where approximately 350 aerial photographs in total were taken. After the flights 16 control profiles were measured with a total station on different terrain types over the flight area as recommended by the document SIS-TS 21145:2007 “Statistical testing of Digital Terrain Models”.From the two flights that were made in Grillby, two different DSM was produced in the software AgiSoft Photoscan. The DSM was imported to SBG Geo and height differences between the control profiles and the DSM were calculated. This resulted in height differences which ranged between -0.112 m and 0,050 m in the various sample surfaces. The sample surface that deviated most from the DSM was the asphalt profiles that deviated about -0.1 m. It was considered to be a systematic error, but the source of the systematic error has not been located among the measurements. The error is believed to instead be in the image matching done by AgiSoft Photoscan. The DSM created in this thesis is classified as class 4 in a table from SIS-TS 21144:2007 which means that the max mean difference in height inside the DSM is ±0,15 m. This shows us that the DSM created with photogrammetry using UAS is suited for both as material for planning in railway and road constructions and for visualization of the ground.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. , iv+26+bilagor p.
Keyword [sv]
UAS DEM DSM Digital Fotogrammetri Höjdosäkerhet
National Category
Civil Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-14822OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-14822DiVA: diva2:634415
Subject / course
Lantmäteriteknik
Educational program
Surveying
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2013-07-01 Created: 2013-06-30 Last updated: 2013-07-01Bibliographically approved

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