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Worldwide distribution of persistent organic pollutants in air, including results of air monitoring by passive air sampling in five continents
Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule Zürich (ETH), Institute for Chemical and Bioengineering, Zürich, Switzerland; Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule Zürich (ETH), International Panel on Chemical Pollution, Zürich, Switzerland.
Laboratory of Dioxins, Department of Environmental Chemistry, IDÆA-CSIC, Barcelona, Spain.
Laboratory of Dioxins, Department of Environmental Chemistry, IDÆA-CSIC, Barcelona, Spain.
Örebro University, School of Science and Technology.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-6217-8857
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2013 (English)In: TrAC. Trends in analytical chemistry, ISSN 0165-9936, E-ISSN 1879-3142, Vol. 46, p. 150-161Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article provides an overview of concentrations of persistent organic pollutants (POPs) in ambient air on a global scale, including recent measurements and an extensive compilation of literature data. In this study, passive air samplers (PASs) were successfully employed to assess concentrations of POPs in ambient air from Africa, Latin America, the Caribbean, and the Pacific Islands. The project aimed to extend the knowledge on environmental contamination by POPs in these regions, where the currently available data are still limited to a few monitoring studies.

The ambient air concentrations of PCB in Africa were relatively high when compared to other regions. Waste, in particular electronic waste, exported to Africa from industrialized countries may be a possible source of PCB in Africa, where PCB have never been extensively used or produced. For DDTs, the wide range of concentrations and particularly high levels in some countries of Africa and the Pacific Islands reflect the use of DDT for malaria control in these regions. For PCDD/PCDF, concentrations in Africa and Latin America are similar to or even higher than in Europe, probably due to unfavorable combustion practices of chlorine-containing materials.

The data support the needs for further monitoring in developing countries and countries with economies in transition, and action to reduce environmental contamination by, and human exposure to, hazardous chemicals.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 46, p. 150-161
Keywords [en]
Air monitoring, Dichlorodiphenyl trichloroethane (DDT), Dioxin-like PCB (dl-PCB), Environmental contamination, Human exposure, Passive air sampling, Persistent organic pollutant (POP), Polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB), Polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxin (PCDD), Polychlorinated dibenzofuran (PCDF)
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Chemical Sciences
Research subject
Chemistry
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-29859DOI: 10.1016/j.trac.2012.05.011ISI: 000319087800029OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-29859DiVA, id: diva2:634055
Available from: 2013-06-28 Created: 2013-06-28 Last updated: 2018-08-30Bibliographically approved

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