Change search
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Weight loss before conception: A systematic literature review
Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Nutrition. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
Norwegian Institute Public Heatlh, Norway .
Landspitali University Hospital, Iceland .
Statens Serum Institute, Denmark .
Show others and affiliations
2013 (English)In: Food & Nutrition Research, ISSN 1654-6628, E-ISSN 1654-661X, Vol. 57Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The prevalence of overweight and obesity in women has increased during the last decades. This is a serious concern since a high BMI before conception is an independent risk factor for many adverse outcomes of pregnancy. Therefore, dietary counseling, intended to stimulate weight loss in overweight and obese women prior to conception has recently been recommended. However, dieting with the purpose to lose weight may involve health risks for mother and offspring. We conducted a systematic literature review to identify papers investigating the effects of weight loss due to dietary interventions before conception. The objective of this study is to assess the effect of weight loss prior to conception in overweight or obese women on a number of health-related outcomes in mother and offspring using studies published between January 2000 and December 2011. Our first literature search produced 486 citations and, based on predefined eligibility criteria, 58 were selected and ordered in full text. Two group members read each paper. Fifteen studies were selected for quality assessment and two of them were considered appropriate for inclusion in evidence tables. A complementary search identified 168 citations with four papers being ordered in full text. The two selected studies provided data for overweight and obese women. One showed a positive effect of weight loss before pregnancy on the risk of gestational diabetes and one demonstrated a reduced risk for large-for-gestational-age infants in women with a BMI above 25 who lost weight before pregnancy. No study investigated the effect of weight loss due to a dietary intervention before conception. There is a lack of studies on overweight and obese women investigating the effect of dietary-induced weight loss prior to conception on health-related variables in mother and offspring. Such studies are probably lacking since they are difficult to conduct. Therefore, alternative strategies to control the body weight of girls and women of reproductive age are needed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Co-Action Publishing , 2013. Vol. 57
Keyword [en]
gestational diabetes, large-for-gestational-age-infants, systematic review, weight loss before pregnancy
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-94614DOI: 10.3402/fnr.v57i0.20522ISI: 000319262100001OAI: diva2:633560
Available from: 2013-06-27 Created: 2013-06-27 Last updated: 2014-11-12

Open Access in DiVA

fulltext(220 kB)92 downloads
File information
File name FULLTEXT01.pdfFile size 220 kBChecksum SHA-512
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

Other links

Publisher's full text

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Forsum, Elisabet
By organisation
NutritionFaculty of Health Sciences
In the same journal
Food & Nutrition Research
Medical and Health Sciences

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
Total: 92 downloads
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

Altmetric score

Total: 72 hits
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link