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"La leyenda tiene una base real": Análisis crítico del discurso de un artículo de El País
Dalarna University, School of Languages and Media Studies, Spanish.
2013 (Spanish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

This paper carries out a critical discourse analysis (CDA) of the article "¿Chinofobia?” published by the Spanish newspaper El País. It applies the theory of racist discourse in the media as formulated by Teun A. van Dijk. Its hypothesis is that the article, which supposedly analyses discrimination against the Chinese minority in Spain, covertly blames the Chinese minority itself for the discrimination. Applying CDA methodology as exemplified in previous studies by van Dijk, the paper analyses the article on global and local levels, and delineates its mental model. The global level analysis describes the article in terms of macropropositions and proposes a macrostructure: the self-alienation of the Chinese minority. The paper then analyses how the macrostructure is reinforced on the local level through micropropositions by examining 1) how vocabulary serves the negative presentation and othering of the Chinese minority, 2) how strategies of mitigation minimise discrimination by employing imprecise and vague language, 3) how quotes are used to give coherence and force to the macrostructure, 4) how implications associate the Chinese minority with criminality, and 5) how stereotyped beliefs about the Chinese minority are presented as common sense (presuppositions) and fallaciously argued. Finally, the paper delineates the mental model: the presuppositions about integration, and the implicit warning that minorities should integrate or they will be discriminated against.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. , 25 p.
Keyword [en]
critical discourse analysis, van Dijk, racism, discrimination, media discourse, minorities, Spain
Keyword [sv]
kritisk diskursanalys, van Dijk, rasism, diskriminering, mediediskurs, minoriteter, Spanien
Keyword [es]
análisis crítico del discurso, Van Dijk, racismo, discriminación, discurso mediático, minorías, España
National Category
General Language Studies and Linguistics
URN: urn:nbn:se:du-12648OAI: diva2:633158
Available from: 2013-06-26 Created: 2013-06-26 Last updated: 2013-06-26Bibliographically approved

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