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Kapitalstruktur i banker, en jämförelse mellan Storbritannien, Sverige och USA
Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
2013 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Background and problem: The importance of banks was clearly shown during the last financial crises, when the crises that started in the banking sector spread to the rest of the world. This is one of the reasons that this thesis is focused on banks in particular, one other reason is that a lot of previous studies has chosen to exclude banks because of the fact that their balance sheet differ from non-financial companies. This thesis is a beginning in filling in the gap that exists in the knowledge of banks capital structure. Purpose: The purpose of this thesis is to prove that it is possible to explain the capital structure in banks and that differences in the capital structure of the banks in Great Britain, Sweden and the United states of America exists. Method: The fact that our study is partly a replication of two earlier studies made a deductive approach most appropriate. The deductive approach meant that the theory on capital structure led to hypotheses that then were tested. The study was conducted based on a quantitative design with data retrieved from the database Orbis. Conclusions: Based on the tests performed, a conclusion was drawn that the capital structure in banks can be partly explained by the variables used in this study. Differences between countries have been demonstrated with regard to the institutional differences that exist. This thesis has also shown that theories regarding capital structure of non-financial corporations can be applied to banks with some adjustments.

Abstract [sv]

Inledning: Bankernas betydelse visades tydligt under den senaste finanskrisen genom att världsekonomin hårt av de händelser som startade i den finansiella sektorn. Vilket är en av anledningarna till att denna studie är inriktad på just banker. Ytterligare en anledning är att banker i många tidigare studier uteslutits på grund av deras balansräkning skiljer sig åt från icke-finansiella företag. Denna studie är början till att fylla de luckor som finns beträffande vetskapen kring bankers kapitalstruktur. Syfte: Syftet med denna studie är att bevisa att det går att förklara kapitalstrukturen i banker och att skillnader mellan bankers kapitalstruktur i Storbritannien, Sverige och USA existerar. Metod: På grund av att vår studie delvis är en replikering av två tidigare studier var en deduktiv ansats mest lämplig. Denna deduktiva ansats innebar att teorin gällande kapitalstruktur ledde fram till hypoteser som sedan testades. Studien utfördes utifrån en kvantitativ design med data som hämtades från databasen Orbis. Resultat: Utifrån testerna som utförts kan en slutsats dras att kapitalstrukturen i banker kan förklaras med hjälp av de variabler som använts i denna studie. Skillnader mellan länderna har påvisats med hänsyn till de institutionella skillnader som existerar. Studien har även bidragit med en lärdom att teorier gällande kapitalstruktur i icke-finansiella företag kan appliceras på banker med vissa justeringar.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. , 80 p.
Keyword [sv]
Kapitalstruktur, banker
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-27141OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-27141DiVA: diva2:632964
Subject / course
Business Administration - Other
Educational program
Business Administration and Economics Programme, 240 credits
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2013-06-26 Created: 2013-06-25 Last updated: 2013-06-26Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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