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Användning av hörselskydd i bullrig arbetsmiljö
Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
2013 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Buller är ett stort arbetsmiljöproblem, som kan leda till ohälsa. Det är viktigt att personal som i sitt arbete löper risk för hörselskador använder hörselskydd. Studiens syfte var att beskriva och jämföra användning av hörselskydd bland personal som arbetar i bullrig arbetsmiljö inom verkstadsindustrin. Studien var en tvärsnittsstudie med en deskriptiv och komparativ design. Data samlades in med hjälp av en enkät. Det var 127 personer som besvarade enkäten. Stu-diedeltagarnas medelålder var 45 år. Majoriteten, 101 personer hade arbetat i bullrig arbets-miljö i mer än 10 år. Det framkom att 48 personer i studien upplevde att de hade hörselned-sättning. Majoriteten hade fått information om risk för hörselskador vid arbete i bullrig miljö. Det fanns en statistiskt signifikant skillnad när det gäller val av hörselskydd mellan avdel-ningar med olika bullernivåer. Studien visade ingen signifikant skillnad vid val av hörsel-skydd beroende på upplevt buller. Det vanligast förekommande hörselskyddet var kåpor. De som använde formgjutna proppar gav dessa det bästa betyget. Den mest vanligt förekomman-de anledningen till att inte hörselskydd användes av personalen var att de arbetade endast del av arbetstid i buller. Denna kunskap kan ligga till grund för företagssköterskans information avseende val/användande av hörselskydd.

Abstract [en]

Noise is a major problem in the working environment and may result in impaired health. It is important that personnel which are at risk of developing hearing damage use ear protective devices. This study aimed to and describe compare the usage of ear protec-tive devices among personnel working in a noisy environment within the industrial manufacturing. The study was a cross-sectional study with descriptive and comparative design. Data was collected in the form of a questionnaire, which 127 persons participat-ed in. The mean age of the participants was 45 years. The majority, 101 persons, had been working within a noisy working environment for more than 10 years. It appeared that 48 of the respondents experienced a hearing impairment. The majority of the partic-ipants had received information concerning the risk of developing hearing damage when working in a noisy environment. There was a statistically significant difference in the choice of ear protective device between departments with different noise levels . This study showed no significant difference in the choice of ear protective device due to ex-perienced noise. The ear protective device most common used was earmuffs. The re-spondents that used molded plugs rated these highest. The most frequent motive against using ear protective devices among the participants was the fact that they only spent part of the working day in a noisy environment. This knowledge may form a basis for the occupational health nurse’s information regarding choice/usage of ear protective devices.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. , 26 p.
Keyword [en]
Ear protective devices, noise, occupational health, working environment
Keyword [sv]
Arbetsmiljö, buller, företagshälsovård, hörselskydd
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-29722OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-29722DiVA: diva2:632466
Subject / course
Omvårdnadsvetenskap
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2013-07-12 Created: 2013-06-25 Last updated: 2017-10-17Bibliographically approved

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Användning av hörselskydd i bullrig arbetsmiljö(373 kB)648 downloads
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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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  • Other locale
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Output format
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