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Patienters upplevelser av att få vård i hemmet för sin hjärtsvikt: - en intervjustudie
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
2013 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Risken för hjärtsvikt ökar med stigande ålder. Upplevelser av att leva med hjärtsvikt varierar vilket kan påverka det dagliga livet och leda till individuella vårdbehov. Patienter med hjärtsvikt ska vid behov erbjudas vård i hemmet och den är idag mer avancerad än tidigare.

Syfte: Syftet med studien var att belysa patienters upplevelser av att få vård i hemmet för sin hjärtsvikt.

Metod: En induktiv intervjustudie med semistrukturerade frågor har använts. Genom ett strategiskt urval framkom sex informanter. Intervjumaterialet analyserades med kvalitativ manifest innehållsanalys.

Resultat: Vården i hemmet utformades individuellt och informanterna upplevde att de fick all vård de var i behov av. Olika yrkeskategorier samverkade och möjliggjorde vården i hemmet. En relation till vårdpersonalen var viktig och hembesöken medförde ett socialt sällskap. Det innebar en trygghet att vara med och planera sin vård och kontinuitet i vården var viktig. Möjligheten att ta kontakt med vårdpersonal var viktig vid olika vårdbehov samt att få vara kvar i hemmet för vård. Känslorna inför framtiden och vården i hemmet varierade.

Slutsats: Samverkan mellan olika yrkeskategorier möjliggör vård i hemmet för patienter med hjärtsvikt. För patienten skapas möjlighet att vara i sin hemmiljö, även vid progression av hjärtsvikten. Vården i hemmet påverkar upplevelsen av trygghet och skapar förutsättningar för en god hälsa.

Abstract [en]

Background: The risk of heart failure increases with age, and experiences of living with heart failure varies. This condition can affect the daily life and lead to individual care needs. If necessary, patients with heart failure should be offered attendence at home. The home health care is more advanced now than before.

Aim: The aim of the study was to illuminate the experiences of heart failure patients whom received care at home.

Method: An inductive interview study with semi-structured questions were used. Six informants emerged from a strategic sampling. During the study of the interview material, a qualitative content analysis was used.

Results: The results showed that attendance at home was designed individually, and the informants received the care they needed. Interaction between different professions made this possible. The relationship between the resident and the caregiver was important, and it also led to social company. It meant security to be involved in the creating of the care plan, and the continuity of care was important. The possibility to contact the caregiver at different care needs, and to stay at home were important. Feelings about the future and the home health care varied.

Conclusion: Home health care for patients with heart failure is enabled by collaboration between different professions. Even during the progression of heart failure, the patient may still be given the opportunity to stay at home. The attendence at home affects the perception of being safe and enables conditions for good health.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. , 30 p.
Keyword [en]
experiences, heart failure, home care, patients
Keyword [sv]
hjärtsvikt, patienter, upplevelser, vård i hemmet
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-27033OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-27033DiVA: diva2:632257
Subject / course
Vårdvetenskap
Educational program
Specialist Nursing Programme, with Specialism in Primary Health Care, 75 credits
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2013-06-25 Created: 2013-06-24 Last updated: 2013-06-25Bibliographically approved

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