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Design and Evaluation of Carbon Nanotube Based Nanofluids for Heat Transfer Applications
KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Materials- and Nano Physics, Functional Materials, FNM.
KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Materials- and Nano Physics, Functional Materials, FNM.
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Energy Technology, Applied Thermodynamics and Refrigeration.
KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Materials- and Nano Physics, Functional Materials, FNM.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-5678-5298
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2013 (English)In: MRS Spring 2013 Proceedings: Symposium on Nanoscale Heat Transport—From Fundamentals to Devices, Materials Research Society, 2013Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The present work investigates the fabrication, thermal conductivity (TC) and rheological properties of water based carbon nanotubes (CNTs) nanofluids (NFs) prepared using a two-step method. As-received (AR) CNTs heated and the effect of heat treatment was studied using X-ray diffraction and thermogravimetric analysis. The AR-CNTs and heat-treated CNTs (HT-CNTs) were dispersed with varying concentration of surface modifiers Gum Arabic (GA) and TritonX-100 (TX) respectively. It was found that heat treatment of CNTs effectively improved the TC and influenced rheological properties of NFs. Scanning electron microscopy analysis revealed TX modified NFs showed better dispersion ability compared to GA. Surface modification of the CNTs was confirmed by Fourier Transformation Infrared (FTIR) analysis. Zeta potential measurement showed the stability region for GA modified NFs in the pH range of 5-11, whereas pH was between 9.5-10 for TX NFs. The concentration of surface modifier plays an extensive role on both TC and rheological behavior of NFs. A maximum TC enhancement of 10% with increases in viscosity around 2% for TX based HT-CNTs NFs was measured. Finally comparison of experimental TC results with the predicted values obtained from a model demonstrated inadequacy of the predictive model for CNT NFs system.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Materials Research Society, 2013.
MRS Proceedings ; 1543
National Category
Other Natural Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-123989DOI: 10.1557/opl.2013.676Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84893397176OAI:, id: diva2:631944
MRS-2013 Spring Conference, April 1-5, 2013 San Francisco, California

QC 20140225

Available from: 2013-06-24 Created: 2013-06-24 Last updated: 2017-03-01Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Engineering Nanofluids for Heat Transfer Applications
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Engineering Nanofluids for Heat Transfer Applications
2014 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Nanofluids (NFs) are nanotechnology-based colloidal dispersion prepared by dispersing nanoparticles (NPs) in conventional liquids, as the base liquid. These advanced fluids have displayed potential to enhance the performance of conventional heat transfer fluids. This work aims at providing an insight to the field of NFs by investigating in detail the fabrication and evaluation of physico-chemical, thermo-physical and heat transfer characteristics of NFs for practical heat transfer applications. However, in order to utilize NFs as heat transfer fluids in real applications there are some challenges to overcome. Therefore, our goal is not only to optimize the thermo-physical properties of NFs with the highest thermal conductivity (TC) and minimal impact of NPs on viscosity, but also on preparing NFs with good stability and the best heat transfer performance. In the first stage, detailed studies were carried out to engineer NFs with good stability and optimal thermo-physical properties. In this work we investigated the most important factors, and the dependence of thermo-physical properties of NFs, including NP composition and concentration, NF stability, surface modifiers, particle size (NP size and particle with micron size), NF preparation method (two-step vs one-step method) and base liquid was studied. We also demonstrated, for the first time, the role of crystal structure, exemplified by alpha- and beta- SiC particles, on thermo-physical properties of NFs. For these purposes several NFs were fabricated using different nanostructured materials and various base liquids by one-step and two-step methods. An optimization procedure was designed to keep a suitable control in order to reach the ultimate aim where several stages were involved to check the desired characteristics of each NF system. Among several NFs systems studied in the first stage evaluation, a particular NF system with 9 wt% concentration, engineered by dispersing SiC NPs with alpha- crystal structure in water/ethylene glycol as based liquid exhibited the optimal thermo-physical properties. This NF was the only case which could pass the all criteria involved in the optimization procedure by exhibiting good stability, TC enhancements of ~20% with only 14% increase in viscosity at 20 oC. Therefore, this engineered NF was considered for next phase evaluation, where heat transfer coefficient (HTC) tests were designed and carried out to evaluate the thermal transport property of the selected alpha- SiC NF. A HTC enhancement of 5.5% at equal pumping power, as realistic comparison criteria, was obtained indicating the capability of this kind of NFs to be used in industrial heat transfer applications. These findings are among the few studies in the literature where the heat transfer characteristics of the NFs were noticeable, reproducible and based on a realistic situation with capability of commercializing as effective heat transfer fluid.  

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2014. p. xiii, 65
TRITA-ICT/MAP AVH, ISSN 1653-7610 ; 2014:03
nanofluid, thermal conductivity, viscosity, heat transfer, heat transfer coefficient, HTC, SiC nanoparticles, Cu nanoparticles, mesoporous silica, CNT, microwave synthesis
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Research subject
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-144217 (URN)978-91-7595-056-3 (ISBN)
Public defence
2014-05-30, Sal D, KTH-Forum, Isafjordagatan 39, Kista, 10:30 (English)

QC 20140416

Available from: 2014-04-16 Created: 2014-04-15 Last updated: 2014-05-12Bibliographically approved

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Singh, Sathya P.Nikkam, Nader