Change search
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Economic Development and Pollutants: Brazil’s Economic Development
Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
2013 (English)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

The purpose of this paper is to investigate the correlation of economic development and pollutants in Brazil from 1960 to 2008. This investigation is conducted by scrutinizing and testing the much contested Environmental Kuznet Curve (EKC); an economic theory relating income to environmental degradation by an inverted U-shape. Empirical tests of Carbon dioxide (CO2) per capita and income (GDP per capita) provided us with the conclusion that there is a strongly positive correlation between these variables. The observed relationship tells us that as income increases, CO2 emissions increase as well, although at a slightly decreasing scale. Thus, the expected inverted U-shape is not observed in Brazil, findings that are in line with previous research. Further, the empirical tests tell us that Brazil is approaching a potential turning point of an EKC. The results indicate that although Brazil may have succeeded in some aspects of approaching a Sustainable Development, there are still issues for improvement. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. , 39 p.
Keyword [en]
Environmental Kuznet Curve, Economic Development, Climate Change, Sustainable Development, Carbon Dioxide, Brazil, Pollutants
National Category
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-21564OAI: diva2:631790
Subject / course
IHH, Economics
Available from: 2013-06-27 Created: 2013-06-23 Last updated: 2013-06-27Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

Economic Development and Pollutants: Brazil’s Economic Development(862 kB)134 downloads
File information
File name FULLTEXT01.pdfFile size 862 kBChecksum SHA-512
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

By organisation
JIBS, Economics

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
Total: 134 downloads
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

Total: 135 hits
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link