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SENDING A MESSAGE INTO OUTERSPACE: Communication Between Nonverbal, Intellectually Disabled Adults with ASD, and the People Around Them.
Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
2013 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Very little information exists regarding the communication ofnonverbal adults with severe Intellectual Disabilities(ID) and Autism Spectrum Disorder(ASD). Most research in this area pertains to children. This study poses the following questions: “Howdononverbal, intellectually disabled adults who haveASD and those people who have contact with them on a regular day-to-day basis communicate with each other? What enhancesand or strengthens this communication? Can positive development in communication occur?”Based upon the data retrieved from eleven interviews, portraits of the communicative relationships of nonverbal adults with ID and ASDand their caregivers were compiled. The results of the study confirmed the existence of a personalized, functional system of communication between nonverbal adults with severe ID and ASD and their caregivers. The information gathered revealed improvement in communication. It was discovered, moreover, that a key factor in communicative development was the creation of common conceptual ground between caregiver and service user. Several attitudes and behaviors on the part of caregivers were noted to increase this common conceptual ground. The study’s conclusion cites the limitations, in methodology and scope, of the current investigation, and calls for more wide-ranging research on the communication of nonverbal adults with ID and ASD.

Abstract [sv]

Det finnsidagintemycket information tillgängliggällandekommunikation avicke-verbala vuxna med gravtintellektuella funktionshinder ochAutismspektrumtillstånd. En stor delav forskningsom har bedrivitsidetta område gäller barn. Frågeställningarna i denna uppsats är: ”Hur kommuniceraricke-verbala vuxna med intellektuella funktionshinder och Autismspektrumtillståndi sin vardagmed de människor som finns runt omkring dem?Vad är det som gynnaroch förstärkerdenna kommunikation? Kan dennakommunikationutvecklas och förbättras?Med information från intervjuer med elva omsorgsgivare skapades femporträtt av detkommunikativa samspeletmellan icke-verbala individer med gravtintellektuella funktionshinder och Autismspektrumtillstånd, och deras kontaktmän. Studiens resultat visade att det finns ettfungerande, individualiserat kommunikationssystem mellan omsorgstagare och omsorgsgivare. En förbättring i kommunikationennoterades. Man har kunnat se att omsorgsgivarens attitydoch förhållningsättgentemot omsorgstagaren varit betydande fördenna förbättring. Resultatenvisade att utvidgning av den gemensamma konceptuella grunden[common conceptual ground] mellan omsorgstagare och omsorgsgivare var en viktig faktor i den kommunikativaförbättringen. Flera faktorer visade sig vara avgörande i expansionen av den gemensamma konceptuella grunden. Det påpekasatt det fanns uppenbara begränsningar i bredden och metodeni denna studie och det konstateras att det finns behovav mera omfattande forskning omkommunikation av icke-verbala vuxna med intellektuella funktionshinder och Autismspektrumtillstånd.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. , 45 p.
Keyword [en]
Intellectual Disability, Autism Spectrum Disorder, communication, positive development, Common conceptual ground.
Keyword [sv]
Intellektuella funktionshindrade, Autismspektrumtillstånd, k ommunikation, utvecklas, gemensamma konceptuella grunden
National Category
Other Social Sciences not elsewhere specified
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-23035OAI: diva2:631617
Subject / course
Handicap Science
2013-06-03, 11:14 (English)
Available from: 2013-06-26 Created: 2013-06-22 Last updated: 2013-10-16Bibliographically approved

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