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Hälsorelaterad livskvalitet hos barn och ungdomar med funktionsnedsättning i Västerbotten
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
2013 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Tidigare forskning av hälsorelaterad livskvalitet hos barn och ungdomar med funktionsnedsättning har visat att de skattar sin hälsa lägre jämfört med den typiska populationen. Hälsorelaterad livskvalitet tycks dessutom variera mellan olika diagnosgrupper. Kunskap om hälsorelaterad livskvalitet hos barn och ungdomar med olika funktionsnedsättningar har fortfarande brister därför finns ett behov av ytterligare studier. Det finns dessutom ett behov av dessa studier i kliniska sammanhang. Syftet med denna studie var att undersöka och beskriva hälsorelaterad livskvalitet hos barn och ungdomar med olika funktionsnedsättningar i Västerbotten. Totalt 182 barn och ungdomar indelade i fem olika diagnosgrupper deltog i studien. Enkäten The EuroQol Five Dimensions Health Questionnaire, Youth version (EQ-5D-Y) användes för skattning av hälsorelaterad livskvalitet. I enlighet med tidigare studier tyder resultaten på att hälsorelaterad livskvalitet hos barn och ungdomar med svårare funktionsnedsättningar tycks vara lägre än för barn med lindrigare funktionsnedsättningar. Vidare tyder resultaten på att det fanns signifikanta skillnader i hälsorelaterad livskvalitet mellan olika diagnosgrupper samt mellan pojkar och flickor. Studien visar att det finns risk att barn med svårare funktionsnedsättningar jämfört med barn som hade mindre omfattande funktionsnedsättningar kan uppleva lägre generell hälsorelaterad livskvalitet samt mer svårigheter inom de olika hälsodimensionerna.

Abstract [en]

Previous health related quality of life studies in children and adolescents with disabilities have shown that they rate their health lower than in the typical population. Also, health-related quality of life appears to vary between different diagnostic groups. Knowledge of health-related quality of life in children and adolescents with various disabilities still has deficiencies therefore there is a need for further studies. There is also a need for such studies in the clinical context. The purpose of this study was to explore and describe health-related quality of life in children and adolescents with various disabilities in Västerbotten. A total of 182 children and adolescents divided into five different diagnostic groups participated in the study. The questionnaire The EuroQol Five Dimensions Health Questionnaire, Youth version (EQ-5D-Y) was used to estimate the health-related quality of life. In accordance with previous studies, the results suggest that health-related quality of life in children and adolescents with severe disabilities seems to be lower than for children with less severe disabilities. Furthermore, the results suggest that there were significant differences in health-related quality of life between different diagnostic groups and between boys and girls. The study shows that there is a risk that children with severe disabilities compared with children who have less severe disabilities may experience lower overall health-related quality of life and more difficulties in the various health dimensions.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013.
Keyword [en]
Health-related quality of life, children, adolescent, disability
Keyword [sv]
hälsorelaterad livskvalitet, barn, ungdomar, EQ-5D, funktionsnedsättning
National Category
Social Sciences Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-73416OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-73416DiVA: diva2:631467
External cooperation
Barn- och ungdomshabilitering Västerbottens läns landsting
Subject / course
Examensarbete i psykologi
Educational program
Study Programme for University Diploma in Psychology
Presentation
2013-06-07, Institutionen för Psykologi, 90187, Beteendevetarhuset, Umeå universitet, Umeå, 10:15 (Swedish)
Available from: 2013-11-05 Created: 2013-06-20 Last updated: 2015-04-13Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

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Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
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  • Other style
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  • de-DE
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  • en-US
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  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf