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Samhörighet, kompetens och autonomi inom omsorgsverksamhet
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
2013 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Syftet med den här kvalitativa intervjustudien var att undersöka hur personal i ett omsorgsföretag ser på sig själva och sitt arbete i relation till kompetens, samhörighet och autonomi. Dessa tre begrepp är centrala i Self-determination theory. Resultatet visade att samhörigheten främjades av ett nära samarbete med kollegor och genom många gemensamma aktiviteter, både på arbetstid och utanför. Det främsta hindret för att uppleva samhörighet var om arbetsgruppen strävade åt olika håll eller om det uppstod konflikter i samspelet. Kompetens innebar för respondenterna att känna sig trygga i sitt bemötande av brukarna och att de visste vad de skulle göra i olika situationer. Även om de uttryckte en viss saknad av kunskap inför utagerande- och självskadebeteende så upplevdes ändå de lagar och regler som styrde verksamheten vara det som skapade störst osäkerhet och kunde vara hindrade för känslan av att uppleva sig kompetent. Resultatet visade också att respondenterna, trots att verksamheten till stor del styrdes av lagar och regler, upplevde en känsla av autonomi så länge de fick vara delaktiga i att planera och organisera arbetsuppgifternas utformning. 

Abstract [en]

The main objective of this qualitative interview study was to examine how personnel elemployed at a company providing social care services, view themselves and their work in relation to competence, relatedness and autonomy. These three concepts are an essential part of Self-Determination Theory. The result showed that relatedness was promoted by close cooperation between colleagues and by frequent common activities during the workday, but also by activities with colleagues outside work. Main obstacles to relatedness appeared when the staff were striving in different directions and when conflicts emerged. The respondents felt competent in interaction with the clients and when it was clearly stated how they were supposed to act in specific situations. The respondents expressed the need for more of knowledge of self-harming behavior and similar behaviors of acting out. However, the main obstacle to feeling competent was insecurity of what laws and regulations that govern their workplace. Despite the fact that laws and regulations govern a large part of their work, the respondents expressed that they felt reasonable autonomous as long as they participated in the planning and organization of different tasks.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. , 26 p.
Keyword [en]
Self-Determination Theory, work motivation, autonomy, competence, relatedness, care services, social work
Keyword [sv]
Self-determination theory, arbetsmotivation, autonomi, kompetens, samhörighet, omsorgsverksamhet, socialt arbete
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-14667Archive number: PSC-V13-2OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-14667DiVA: diva2:631429
Subject / course
Psychology
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2013-08-05 Created: 2013-06-20 Last updated: 2013-08-05Bibliographically approved

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