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Fe-based Amorphous Powder for Soft-Magnetic Composites
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Materials Science and Engineering.
2013 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Fe-based amorphous powders are fabricated through gas and water atomization using industrial grade raw materials. The atomic structure of the powder is examined by X-Ray Diffraction (XRD). Eight of totally thirteen different compositions are proved completely amorphous or amorphous with traces of crystalline phase in the desired powder particle size (d > 75 μm) and five are crystalline. It reveals that the Glass Forming Ability (GFA) of atomized powders is well correlated to the GFA of as-casted rods or melt-span ribbons. In the present study at least 1.5-2 mm critical size of GFA for a target composition is necessary for the formation of amorphous powders in the desired particle size. The thermal stability of the amorphous powder is examined by Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC). Applying the conventional powder metallurgy process the amorphous powders are mixed with the crystalline Somaloy® 110i, a commercial Soft Magnetic Composite (SMC) material from Höganäs AB in Sweden, and made into toroid-shaped components. The components are annealed aiming for improved soft-magnetic properties. The magnetic measurements are taken on copper-wire double coiled toroids. As a result, the total magnetic flux (B), coercivity (HC) and permeability (μmax) is reduced due to the addition of amorphous powders to Somaloy® 110i powder but the core losses (P) is at the same level despite reduced density. An improved soft magnetic property and core loss is revealed by the comparison to recent literature reports on SMC mixing of crystalline and amorphous powders.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. , 66 p.
Keyword [en]
Amorphous metals, Bulk Metallic Glasses (BMG), Soft-magnetic properties, Soft-magnetic Composites, amorphous powder, core loss, electro-magnetic applications.
National Category
Other Materials Engineering
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-123780OAI: diva2:630121
Subject / course
Materials Design and Engineering
Educational program
Master of Science in Engineering - Materials Design and Engineering
Available from: 2013-06-24 Created: 2013-06-18 Last updated: 2013-06-26Bibliographically approved

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