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Xenophobia and tolerance toward immigrants in adolescence: cross-influence processes within friendships
Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-0185-8805
Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-3504-9037
Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7546-2275
2013 (English)In: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, ISSN 0091-0627, E-ISSN 1573-2835, Vol. 41, no 4, p. 627-639Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

To what extent do adolescents and their friends socialize each others' attitudes toward immigrants? Can friends' positive attitudes toward immigrants counter adolescents' negative attitudes toward immigrants, and do friends' negative attitudes decrease adolescents' positive attitudes? These questions were examined by following a large (N = 1,472) friendship network of adolescents (49.2 % girls; M (age) = 13.31 at first measurement) across three annual measurements. Selection and influence processes regarding tolerance and xenophobia were distinguished with longitudinal social network analyses, controlling for effects of age, gender, and immigrant background. Findings showed that friends' tolerance predicted increases in adolescents' tolerance and friends' xenophobia predicted increases in adolescents' xenophobia. Moreover, friends' tolerance predicted a lower likelihood of adolescents' xenophobia increasing. The current results suggest that interventions should distinguish between tolerance and xenophobia, as these appear to represent two separate dimensions that are each influenced in specific ways by friends' tolerance and xenophobia.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 41, no 4, p. 627-639
Keywords [en]
Xenophobia, Tolerance, Friendship influence, Friendship selection, Immigrants
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-29604DOI: 10.1007/s10802-012-9694-8ISI: 000318368900010OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-29604DiVA, id: diva2:629571
Available from: 2013-06-17 Created: 2013-06-17 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved

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van Zalk, MaartenKerr, Margaretvan Zalk, NejraStattin, Håkan
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