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Likelihood of Treatment in a Coronary Care Unit for a First-Time Myocardial Infarction in Relation to Sex, Country of Birth and Socioeconomic Position in Sweden
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Cardiology.
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2013 (English)In: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 8, no 4, e62316- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objective: To examine the relationship between sex, country of birth, level of education as an indicator of socioeconomic position, and the likelihood of treatment in a coronary care unit (CCU) for a first-time myocardial infarction. Design: Nationwide register based study. Setting: Sweden. Patients: 199 906 patients (114 387 men and 85,519 women) of all ages who were admitted to hospital for first-time myocardial infarction between 2001 and 2009. Main outcome measures: Admission to a coronary care unit due to myocardial infarction. Results: Despite the observed increasing access to coronary care units over time, the proportion of women treated in a coronary care unit was 13% less than for men. As compared with men, the multivariable adjusted odds ratio among women was 0.80 (95% confidence interval 0.77 to 0.82). This lower proportion of women treated in a CCU varied by age and year of diagnosis and country of birth. Overall, there was no evidence of a difference in likelihood of treatment in a coronary care unit between Sweden-born and foreign-born patients. As compared with patients with high education, the adjusted odds ratio among patients with a low level of education was 0.93 (95% confidence interval 0.89 to 0.96). Conclusions: Foreign-born and Sweden-born first-time myocardial infarction patients had equal opportunity of being treated in a coronary care unit in Sweden; this is in contrast to the situation in many other countries with large immigrant populations. However, the apparent lower rate of coronary care unit admission after first-time myocardial infarction among women and patients with low socioeconomic position warrants further investigation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 8, no 4, e62316- p.
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Medical and Health Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-201816DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0062316ISI: 000318341400052OAI: diva2:629393
Available from: 2013-06-17 Created: 2013-06-17 Last updated: 2013-06-17Bibliographically approved

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