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Skolrelaterad stress hos kvinnliga gymnasieelever: En jämförelse mellan yrkesförberedande och teoretiskt program
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies.
2013 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Abstract

Loeva, J (2013). Schoolrelated stress in female students – a comparison between vocational and theoretical program.

The Academy for health and working life, University of Gavle.

Purpose: To investigate and compare perceived stress and recovery among Swedish female

students (high school, third degree) in a vocational program versus a theoretical program.

Method: A cross-sectional study was conducted on forty female students (vocational

program, n=20; theoretical, n=20) to give a cross section of the population in question. Data

was collected by questionnaries, which included questions on perceived stress and energy

levels, demand, control and social support at school. In addition, physical symptoms were

measured.

Results: This study showed that there were no differences between vocational and theoretical

programs regarding perceived stress. There was a significant difference in energy between the

groups after school, where students in vocational programs had more energy after school than

students in theoretical programs. The results showed that both groups had similar

requirements but that students in vocational programs experienced less control on their study

situation. Social support and physical symptoms was similar in both groups.

Conclusion: This study shows no differences in perceived stress and energy levels during the

school day. In contrast, the perceived energy level after school where lower among students in

theoretical programs. Within a stress and energy perspective it doesn´t matter which program

the student choose.

Abstract [sv]

Sammanfattning

Syfte: Att undersöka och jämföra upplevd stress och återhämtning bland svenska kvinnliga

studenter (tredje årets gymnasieelever) i ett yrkesförberedande program jämfört mot ett

teoretiskt program. Metod: En tvärsnittsstudie genomfördes på fyrtio kvinnliga studenter

(yrkesförberedande program, n = 20, teoretiskt program, n = 20) för att ge ett tvärsnitt av

befolkningen i fråga. Data samlades in genom enkäter, vilket inkluderade frågor om upplevda

stressnivåer, återhämtning, krav, kontroll och socialt stöd i skolan. Dessutom mättes fysiska

symtom. Resultat: Denna studie visade att det inte fanns några skillnader mellan

yrkesförberedande och teoretiskt program gällande upplevd stress. Det fanns en signifikant

skillnad i energi efter skolan mellan grupperna, där elever på yrkesförberedande program hade

mer energi efter skolan än elever på teoretiskt program. Resultatet påvisade att båda

grupperna hade lika krav men att elever i yrkesförberedande program upplevde mindre

kontroll kring sin studiesituation. Sociala stödet och fysiska symtom var lika i båda

grupperna. Slutsats: Denna studie visar inga skillnader i upplevd stress. Däremot var upplevd

energi efter skolan lägre bland elever i teoretiskt program. Slutsatsen är att det inte spelar

någon roll vilket gymnasieprogram eleverna studerar utifrån ett stress-energi perspektiv,

eftersom elever från både teoretiska och yrkesinriktade program upplever samma nivå av

stress och energi under skoldagen. Samtidigt finns andra faktorer som kan skapa stress som

inte undersökts i denna studie, så som elevernas egna ställda krav, prestationsångest och

jämförelse mot andra elevers skolprestation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. , 16 p.
Keyword [en]
Stress, energy, demand, control, social support
Keyword [sv]
Stress, energi, krav, kontroll, socialt stöd
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-14513Archive number: HPPVT13nr3OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-14513DiVA: diva2:629039
Subject / course
Public health science
Educational program
Health education
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2013-06-19 Created: 2013-06-15 Last updated: 2013-06-19Bibliographically approved

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