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Kroppsuppfattning: Fyraåringar och sexåringars uppfattning om människokroppens inre organ och matens väg genom kroppen
Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013).
2013 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Body Image : Four-year-olds and six-year-olds perception of the human body´s internal organs and the food´s path through the body (English)
Abstract [sv]

Undersökningen har genomförts i en förskola och en förskoleklass där totalt tjugo barn har deltagit. Den syftar till att undersöka hur kunskapen skiljer sig mellan fyraåringar och sexåringar. Kvalitativa intervjuer och löpande observationer användes som metod för att ta reda på uppfattningar om människokroppens inre organ samt vad barnen anser händer med maten som vi äter. I undersökningen användes en plastmodell av en kropp som barnen både fick peka på och säga organens namn. Resultatet visar att sexåringar generellt har bättre uppfattning när det gäller organens namn och vad organen gör i vår kropp. Däremot har båda åldersgrupperna en likvärdig uppfattning när det gäller att peka ut organ och benämna det rätt. Sexåringarna var också bättre på vad de anser händer med maten vi äter i jämförelse med fyraåringarna. Det tycks vara åldern hos barnen som påverkar vad barnen kan i störst utsträckning, där personliga erfarenheter tycks spela in vid enstaka tillfällen. 

Abstract [en]

This study was conducted in a kindergarten and a preschool where a total of twenty children have attended. It aims to investigate how knowledge differs between four-year and six-year-old children. Qualitative interviews and current observations were used as methods to find out the perceptions of the human body's internal organs, as well as what the children think happens to the food we eat. The study used a plastic model of a body that the children both got the chance to point at as well as name the organs. The results show that six year olds generally have better perceptions of the organs name and what they are doing in our body. However, both age groups had a similar view when it comes to point out an organ and name it correctly. Six year olds were also better at what they think happens to the food we eat compared to four year olds. It seems to be the age of the children that have the biggest affects on their knowledge, but it can also be their experiences that are the main factor in a few cases. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. , 25 p.
Keyword [en]
digestion, internal body, kindergarten, preschool
Keyword [sv]
förskola, förskoleklassen, inre kroppen, matspjälkning
National Category
Natural Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-27894Local ID: LPNT:3OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-27894DiVA: diva2:628840
Subject / course
Teacher Education - Science and Engineering
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2013-10-08 Created: 2013-06-14 Last updated: 2013-10-08Bibliographically approved

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Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

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CiteExportLink to record
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