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Orala problem vid Parkinsons sjukdom
Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
2013 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Oral diseases in Parkinson's disease (English)
Abstract [en]

Parkinson's disease is a progressive degenerative neurological disorder. In Sweden there are 15 000-20 000 individuals affected by the disease.

The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of oral diseases in individuals with Parkinson's disease. The material for the literature review was gathered in the medical database PubMed. Keywords used for the data research were ”Parkinson’s disease”, “oral diseases”, “dry mouth”, ”gingivitis”, “caries” and “periodontitis”. The result was based on a compilation of eleven scientific papers that have been reviewed and analyzed; eight articles were controlled clinical studies. One article examined the oral health clinically and the self-perceived oral health. Two articles examined the self-perceived oral health whereas one had a control group. 

The results showed that individuals with Parkinson's disease had more gingivitis and the prevalence of periodontal disease was significantly higher in Parkinson's disease than control groups. Untreated caries and lower salivary flow was more occurring in individuals with Parkinson's disease.

The conclusion of the review is that individuals with Parkinson's disease have a significantly higher incidence of poor oral health compared to individuals who did not have Parkinson's disease.

Abstract [sv]

Parkinsons sjukdom är en progressiv degenerativ neurologisk sjukdom. I Sverige finns det 15 000–20 000 personer som är drabbade av sjukdomen.

Syftet med litteraturstudien var att undersöka förekomsten av orala problem vid Parkinsons sjukdom.

Materialet till litteraturstudien söktes i den medicinska databasen PubMed, där sökorden var ”Parkinson’s disease”, “oral diseases”, “dry mouth”, ”gingivitis”, “caries” och “periodontitis”. Resultatet baseras på en sammanställning av elva vetenskapliga artiklar som har granskats och analyserats. Åtta artiklar var kontrollerade kliniska studier. En artikel undersökte munhälsan kliniskt och självupplevd oral hälsa. Två artiklar undersökte den självupplevda orala hälsan varav en hade en kontrollgrupp.   

Resultatet visade att Parkinsonsjuka hade mer gingivit och att prevalensen av parodontit var statistisk signifikant högre hos Parkinsonsjuka än hos en kontrollgrupp. Obehandlad karies och lägre salivflöde förekom mer hos Parkinsonsjuka än icke Parkinsonsjuka.

Slutsatsen i litteraturstudien är att Parkinsonsjuka har sämre munhälsa än icke Parkinsonsjuka.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. , 19 p.
Keyword [en]
caries, dry mouth, gingivitis, oral diseases, oral health, Parkinson's disease, parodontitis
Keyword [sv]
gingivit, karies, muntorrhet, oral hälsa, orala problem, Parkinsons sjukdom, parodontit
National Category
URN: urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-10632OAI: diva2:628800
Subject / course
Educational program
Study Programme in Oral Health
Available from: 2013-06-18 Created: 2013-06-14 Last updated: 2013-06-18Bibliographically approved

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