The effect of driving force in Gibbs energy on the fraction of martensite
Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
The background to this bachelor thesis is an on-going project within the VINN Excellence Center Hero-m. The task in this thesis is to perform a literature survey about the martensite transformation and investigate how the resulting fraction depends on cooling below the Ms-temperature. Instead of calculating the undercooling for each of the known fractions of martensite the driving force will be evaluated. Several efforts have been made through the years to describe the relationships between fraction transformed austenite and temperature. The approaches to the first models were empirical and derived from collections of data regarding the amount of retained austenite at different quenching temperatures. Lately, studies have been made to derive a thermodynamical relationship using how the Gibbs energy is affected by increments in volume transformed austenite. Two equations are derived by calculating the resulting driving force at different known quenching temperatures and the respective percentage transformed martensite found in previous works. The data for the steels used show a characteristic slope when linearised. A trend for the steels which have a high characteristic slope is that they also have a high Ms temperature, and the steels which have a low characteristic slope tend to have a low Ms. Previous relationships which describe the martensitic transformation have considered the importance of the Ms temperature only in it being a starting temperature for the transformation. To further incorporate the Ms temperature in the equations presented, further research of the martensitic transformation is required. The approach in this thesis of using thermodynamically calculated data is a base for further investigation of the range of the martensite transformation.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. , 14 p.
martensite, model, driving force, Gibbs energy, fraction, Ms-temperature
Metallurgy and Metallic Materials
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-123597OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-123597DiVA: diva2:628153
Bachelor of Science
2013-05-15, Jernkontoret, Kungsträdgårdsgatan 10, Stockholm, 10:10 (English)
Borgenstam, Annika, Associate Professor