Riskhantering: Hur applicerar svenska fondbolag teoretiska riskhanteringsmodeller i praktiken?
Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
There are different types of risk, examples include credit risk, liquidity risk and financial risk. In DeMarzo & Berk (2011, s. 293) is a study presented which is based on the yield of different types of financial assets between 1925 and 2009, the study show that a high risk gave substantially higher reward. With the study as a background, it is interesting to study practical risk management within participants of the financial markets of Sweden. In risk management there are several theories about whether risk can be calculated and analyzed with scientific methods in practice. To generate new empirical data a qualitative method was used in the form of interviews. The selection, which was strategic, was based on mailed questionnaire sent to participants of the Swedish fund market.
Theory can be problematic to apply in practice, since reality is often simplified in theory, as discussed by Franklin (2004). Franklin’s thoughts are accompanied by Baird (2010) in a similar discussion. The main model of the study is Value at Risk, which is recovered from Hull (2011) but has its origin from the financial company JP Morgan. Other models that are applied in the study are Capital Asset Pricing Model, CAPM, and the Sharpe ratio. There are known critiques against these models, which are discussed in this study.
In the study it is shown that all the participants applied the model Value at Risk. The report also indicates that standard deviation has a central role in risk management. All the respondents were well aware of the critique against Value at Risk. To manage the flaws of the model they also used stress tests as a complement.
The analysis of the study indicates that practical and theoretical application in many aspects are similar, the most apparent one being Value at Risk. Even though there are some differences, CAPM was indicated to have no practical use for any of the participants. Two vital factors for whether a model can be applied practically are the model’s simplicity and the need for assumptions to correlate with reality. Having completed this study, the conclusion that the participants successfully applied theoretical risk management models in practice can be validated.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. , 44 p.
Value at Risk, CAPM, Sharpe ratio, yield, risk measurement, risk management, funds
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-29509ISRN: ORU-HHS/FEK-GK-2013/0039--SEOAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-29509DiVA: diva2:627897
Subject / course
2013-06-05, 10:00 (Swedish)
UppsokSocial and Behavioural Science, Law