An investigation of energy efficient and sustainable heating systems for buildings: Combining photovoltaics with heat pump
2013 (English)In: Sustainability in Energy and Buildings: Proceedings of the 4th International Conference in Sustainability in Energy and Buildings (SEB´12), Springer Berlin/Heidelberg, 2013, 189-197 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
Renewable energy sources contribute considerable amounts of energy when natural phenomena are converted into useful forms of energy. Solar energy, i.e. renewable energy, is converted to electricity by photovoltaic systems (PV). This study was aimed at investigating the possibility of combining PV with Heat Pump (HP) (PV-HP system). HP uses direct electricity to produce heat. In order to increase the sustainability and efficiency of the system, the required electricity for the HP was supposed to be produced by solar energy via PV. For this purpose a newly-built semi-detached building equipped with exhaust air heat pump and low temperature-heating system was chosen in Stockholm, Sweden. The heat pump provides heat for Domestic Hot Water (DHW) consumption and space heating. Since selling the overproduction of PV to the grid is not yet an option in Sweden, the PV should be designed to avoid overproduction. During the summer, the HP uses electricity only to supply DHW. Hence, the PV should be designed to balance the production and consumption during the summer months. In this study two simulation programs were used: IDA Indoor Climate and Energy (ICE) as a building energy simulation tool to calculate the energy consumption of the building, and the simulation program WINSUN to estimate the output of the PV. Simulation showed that a 7.3 m2 PV area with 15 % efficiency produces nearly the whole electricity demand of the HP for DHW during summer time. As a result, the contribution of free solar energy in producing heat through 7.3 m2 fixed PV with 23o tilt is 17 % of the annual heat pump consumption. This energy supports 51 % of the total DHW demand.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer Berlin/Heidelberg, 2013. 189-197 p.
, Smart Innovation, Systems and Technologies, ISSN 2190-3018 ; 22
Domestic hot water, PV-HP system, Solar power, Sustainable development
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-123571DOI: 10.1007/978-3-642-36645-1_18ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84879457927ISBN: 978-364236644-4OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-123571DiVA: diva2:627767
Sustainability in Energy and Buildings, SEB'12 Stockholm, Sweden 3 - 5 September 2012
QC 201306122013-06-122013-06-122015-07-21Bibliographically approved