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Omvårdnadsproblem relaterade till polyfarmaci hos äldre
Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
2013 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Nursing problems associated with polypharmacy in the elderly (English)
Abstract [sv]

BakgrundUtvecklingen av olika läkemedel och behandlingar har tillfört bättre behandlingsmöjligheter för äldre som har lett till ett längre liv. Eftersom äldre lider ofta av olika sjukdomar konsumerar de flera läkemedel än andra åldersgrupper. Samtidigt, kan förekomst av olika läkemedelsbehandlingar, som definieras som polyfarmaci, medföra en ökad risk för negativa effekter som kan påverka patientens välbefinnande och livskvalitet. Det är därför viktigt att belysa vilka omvårdnadsproblem som kan uppstå i samband med polyfarmaci. Genom identifiering av omvårdnadsproblem kan sjuksköterskan sedan prioritera och leda omvårdnadsåtgärder som gynnar den äldres trygghet och välbefinnande.

SyfteAtt belysa omvårdnadsproblem relaterade till polyfarmaci hos äldre.

MetodArbetet har utförts som en litteraturöversikt. Innehållet anskaffades genom sammanställning av tillgängliga studier inom det valda problemområdet. Valt material omfattar artiklar skrivna på engelska och inkluderar personer i åldersgruppen 65 år eller äldre som behandlas med polyfarmaci.

ResultatResultatet baseras på 12 granskade artiklar som belyser omvårdnadsproblem i samband med polyfarmaci. Framträdande omvårdnadsproblem i denna litteraturöversikt inbegriper risk för fall, malnutrition, funktionsnedsättning, förvirring och bristande följsamhet.

DiskussionSambandet mellan polyfarmaci och omvårdnadsproblem kan vara komplicerat att fastställa. Svårigheten beror på att polyfarmaci saknar en entydig definition. Dessutom ses polyfarmaci i många fall endast som en riskfaktor i mängden, snarare än unik orsak till olika problem.

Abstract [en]

BackgroundThe development of various medicines and treatments has resulted in better treatment for the elderly that has led to a longer life. Because the elderly often suffer from various diseases, they consume more drugs than other age groups. At the same time, the presence of different drug therapies, defined as polypharmacy, increases the risk of adverse effects that can affect the patient's well-being and quality of life. It is therefore important to illuminate the nursing problems that may arise associated with polypharmacy. Through the identification of these problems, the nurse can be able to prioritize and manage nursing actions that benefit the elderly security and wellbeing.

AimIlluminate nursing problems related to polypharmacy in the elderly.

MethodsThis paper has been carried out as a literature review. The content acquired through the compilation of available studies in the chosen problem area. The choice of material included articles written in english and included people aged 65 years and older treated with polypharmacy.

ResultsThe result is based on 12 reviewed articles that illustrate associations between polypharmacy and nursing problems. Nursing problems that have emerged in this study include risk of falls, malnutrition, function disability, confusion and lack of adherence.

Discussion: The relationship between polypharmacy and nursing problems can be complicated to determine. The difficulty is due to the fact that polypharmacy lacks a clear definition. In addition, polypharmacy is seen in many cases only as a risk factor in the crowd, rather than a unique cause of various problems.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. , 38 p.
Keyword [en]
Polypharmacy, Elderly, Nursing problems
Keyword [sv]
Polyfarmaci, Äldre, Omvårdnadsproblem
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:esh:diva-2202OAI: oai:DiVA.org:esh-2202DiVA: diva2:627187
Educational program
Bachelor/Master of Nursing Specialized in Care of the Elderly
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2013-06-11 Created: 2013-06-11 Last updated: 2016-01-18Bibliographically approved

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