Utprövning och prosodisk analys av ord- och nonordsrepetition på en grupp barn med typisk utveckling
Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Evaluation and Prosodic Analysis of Word- and Nonword Repetition in a Group of Children with Typical Language Development (English)
Previous research has confirmed that the ability to repeat non-words has a close connection to a child’s language acquisition (Adams & Gathercole, 2000; Gray, 2003; Sahlén, Reuterskiöld-Wagner, Nettelbladt & Radeborg, 1999). It is also known that a repetition task is aided if the word is well known to the child (Roy & Chiat, 2004; Sahlén, m.fl., 1999). A relatively under-investigated area is that of the influence of prosodic variables on repetition of words and non-words.
In the current study, 44 Swedish children between the ages of four and six years with typical language development were tested regarding word- and non-word repetition abilities. The words and non-words were matched based on stress, tonal word accent and number of syllables. Segmental as well as supra segmental variables were analyzed.
The children performed better on the word repetition task than on the non-word repetition task, based on all accounts of segmental variables. Vowels were easier to repeat than consonants, but appeared to be developing to the same extent. There was no difference in performance relating to manipulation of supra segmental variables.. Children between the ages of five and six achieved better results than the younger children regarding both segmental and supra segmental aspects. Correlations between all segmental variables were observed, as well as between segmental and supra segmental variables. The authors discuss whether or not supra segmental variables could be another strong indicator for language impairments. No gender differences could be observed. Stress had strong correlations with other supra segmental aspects as well as with segmental variables, and seems to be an important ability to analyze The results also revealed that the prosodic ability is not connected to whether the word to be repeated is previously known.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. , 55 p.
children, language acquisition, prosody, phonology, non-word, word
barn, typisk språkutveckling, prosodi, fonologi, nonord, ord
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-93836ISRN: LIU-IKE/SLP - A-- 13/016-- SEOAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-93836DiVA: diva2:627032
Subject / course
Master (one year thesis)/Speech and Language Pathology
2013-05-16, Almen, Linköping, 11:00 (Swedish)
Samuelsson, Christina, Docent
Rudner, Mary, Biträdande professor